Language Change

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SOCIOLINGUISTICS “LANGUAGE CHANGE” GROUP 8 : 1. Danu Alfian Baihaqi 2. Dio wahyu 3. Dedeh Y 4. Firman Setiawan Pamulang University 2015 LANGUAGE CHANGE Definition Language change is a phenomenon studied both by historical linguists and sociolinguists. Historical linguists study basically the change of languages over time (diachronic change) and examine how languages were used in the past and how they relate to one another . Eg. Old English Middle English Modern English Sociolinguists study the origins or the causes of language changes and explain how society and changes in speech communities influence language and generate sociolects . Eg. Spanish spoken by an upper class man/woman in Madrid and…show more content…
1- Morphological change: languages as analogy. Eg. Middle English plural from ”cow” was “kine “; Modern English: cow/cows; bull/bulls. 2- Syntactic change: lexical words increasingly adopt a grammatical function. Eg. “Will” meant “want”. Sound level describes the passage of historical transition from a given phoneme or group of phonemes to another [5]. Eg. The change of Germanic /sk/ into Old English /sh/. Sound level 1- Phonetic change: affects the manner of articulation . -Influence of neighboring sounds. Eg. From /y/ (“mýs”) in Old English to /i:/(“mice”) in Modern English. -Apocope: omission of some vowels from the end of a word. Eg.“Child” as “Chile”. 2- Phonemic change: affects the pronunciation or sound system structures . Eg. /з:/ (as in “meat” or “read”) or /e:/ (as in “meet” or “reed”). Conclusion 1. Classification of the origins of the language change (economy, analogy, contact) and related theories (Chomsky, Labov). 2.Focus on how these changes happen at different levels of language structures over time (lexicon, grammar, sounds). References 1. 2. 3. Torres Aguilar, I. (2009). Language Change: A General Overview. 4. National Institute for Literacy (2001). 5. Thomas Pyles and Jonh Algeo (1982). The origins and development of the English
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