Layer Four : Strategies For Multiple Components Of Instruction

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Layer Four: Strategies for Multiple Components of Instruction The fourth layer of meaning in the comprehensive literacy instruction focuses on the strategies students need to learn when reading and writing in a balanced program. This layer also relies on the five components of instruction. This section will add strategies and skills teachers can use to teach each of the five components. This section builds on what was written before by adding these strategies and skills to help build strong readers and writers.
Layer 4: Building on the Five Components As mentioned before, The National Reading Panel in 2000 and the No Child Left Behind Act signed in 2001 defined there five components as the most important to teach in reading instruction: phonemic awareness, phonics, vocabulary, comprehension and fluency. Phonemic awareness is defined as the knowledge that spoken words can be broken apart into smaller segments of sound known as phonemes. Phonics is defined as the knowledge that letters of the alphabet represent phonemes, and that these sounds are blended together to form written words. The component three, fluency, which is the ability to recognize words easily, read with greater speed, accuracy, and expression, and to better understand what is read. The fourth component, vocabulary, is defined as teaching new words, either as they appear in the text, or by introducing new words separately. The fifth component is comprehension, comprehension is defined as understanding what
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