Leukemia: The Disease and The Treatment Essay

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Leukemia
Leukeumia is a type of cancer affecting the bone marrow. Bone marrow is where platelets, red blood cells and white blood cells (Leukocytes) are made. (Medical Journal Dictionary)Leukemia is caused by the rapid production (Proliferation) of Leukocytes, and causes a build-up that inhibits red blood cells, and platelets from functioning and stops other Leukocytes from fighting infection. Because of the abnormally rapid production these cells are unable to mature or develop properly and are unable to carry out their functions. (Almeida & Barry, 2010) There are four main types of Leukemia, each classified by how rapid the disease develops and which type of white blood cell is affected; Acute which is a rapid
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(MedicineNet)
Transfusions and Antibiotics
There are two types of transfusions given to a patient with Leukemia; blood transfusions which help to relieve Anemia, and platelet transfusions which help to promote clotting and prevent bleeding. Antibiotics are also given to fight off any infections the patient cannot fight off independently.
Targeted Therapy and Immunotherapy
Targeted therapy uses drugs to kill only the cancer cells without harming normal cells. A specific type of Target therapy is Monoclonal Antibody Therapy. Antibodies are formed in a laboratory that can identify substances that help in the formation of cancer cells. When the antibody recognizes the substance it attaches itself to it and can kill the cancer cells, block their growth or keep them from spreading. The antibodies can also be used to carry drugs, toxins or radioactive material straight to the cancer cells. Just like Targeted Therapy, Immunotherapy blocks the growth and spread of cancer cells, but instead uses the body’s own immune system. These two therapies are often used in combination with Chemotherapy and other treatments.(The National
Cancer Institution, 2011) (What is the goal of treating indolent B-cell NHL?, 2011)
Treatments for Chronic Leukemia
Chemotherapy
Chemotherapy is the most common treatment for all types of cancer. Chemotherapy stops the production of

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