Life of Audie Leon Murphy

805 Words3 Pages
Audie L. Murphy Audie Leon Murphy was born on June 20, 1924 near Kingston, Texas, one of twelve children born to Emmett Berry Murphy and Josie Bell (Killian) Murphy (Simpson, n.d.). The Murphy family was a group of poor sharecroppers of Irish descent and Audie had to begin working at an early age to help support his family. Audie attended grade school in Celeste, Texas until the age of twelve, when his father abandoned the family in 1936. With less than a fifth grade education, Murphy left school and went to work full time as a farm laborer, hunter, store clerk and gas station attendant to support his family (Smith, 1960, p. 1). Audie might have lived the rest of his life as a lower income civilian if the Japanese had not bombed Pearl Harbor. The December 7, 1941 sneak attack on Pearl Harbor called forth mass-enlistment in every branch of the Armed Forces by young Americans; Audie Murphy was among them. Audie applied to the U.S. Army and in June 1942 was enlisted into the 3rd Infantry Division - 15th Regiment. During the course of World War II, Audie served in seven major campaigns, was promoted from Private to First Lieutenant, and was received 24 decorations, including the Medal of Honor, which he earned on January 26, 1945. His actions in earning the Medal of Honor were by the Secretary of War as ""¦indomitable courage and"¦refusal to give an inch of ground" (U. S. Secretary of War, 1945), and more pointedly described by an eyewitness as ""¦the greatest display of

More about Life of Audie Leon Murphy

Open Document