Managing Change in the Criminal Justice System

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Jpz777 04/14/2013 Order # A2091096 One organization within the American criminal justice system that has undergone significant changes during the last few decades is the parole board, which is the institution responsible for determining when a prisoner is eligible for early release. Historically, parole has been used by the criminal justice system to regulate overcrowded prison inmate populations, while providing rehabilitated criminals with a second chance to assimilate into society. Since the beginning of the 21st century, however, a confluence of increased security during the War on Terror, rising crime rates across the nation, and widely publicized instances of recidivism has spurred politicians and the public alike to call for the abolishment of the parole system. According to the United States Senate Research Center's brief on the shifting landscape of parole boards in the American criminal justice system, "while some states have abolished parole, systems similar to parole still exist throughout the United States" (Reimer, 1999), and this patchwork system of parole and non-parole states has led to widespread institutional and organizational adjustments. By examining the various methods of implementation used by state governments to adjust or abolish their parole board system, one can assess the relative efficacy of these efforts from the perspective of change management, which is one of the essential pillars of proper organizational leadership. As organizational
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