Marbury V. Madison, 1803

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Kyle Kesler Mr. Lewis APUSH: 1 27 October 2015 Case Briefs Marbury v Madison, 1803 John Adams, on the last day of his term, appointed forty-two justices of the peace and sixteen new circuit court justices under the Organic Act, which was an attempt by the Federalists to take over the judicial branch before Thomas Jefferson took the office. The commissions were not delivered before the end of Adam’s term, so Thomas Jefferson claimed they were invalid and did not honor them. William Marbury was one of the appointed justices of the peace and appealed directly to the Supreme Court when he was denied his position. Due to the Judiciary Act of 1789, Marbury wanted the Supreme Court to make James Madison (Secretary of State) deliver the commissions. The questions it raised were: Is Marbury entitled to the commission? Can Congress expand the power of the Supreme Court beyond what is stated in the Constitution? Does the Supreme Court have the power to issue writs of mandamus? Can the Supreme Court review acts of Congress and determine whether or not they are unconstitutional? Although Marbury was indeed entitled to it, he was denied the commission because Congress can’t expand the power of the Supreme Court so the Supreme Court does not have the authority to issue writs of mandamus. Also, Section 13 of the Judiciary Act of 1789 conflicted with Article III Section 2 of the Constitution so therefore it was void. Fletcher v. Peck, 1810 In 1795, the Georgia state legislature was bribed

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