Ever since the creation of civilization, humans have been battling the costly moral challenge of overcoming material obsession, an obstacle that one must always conquer to find true purpose. It is in this battle, that societal standards and expectations leave a lasting impression on the body and soul of an individual. However, society’s impression is only part of shaping one’s character. One must discover what his/ her true purpose in life is, despite the environment that one may be surrounded with both culturally and physiologically. These problems are the same obstacles that Gregor Samsa must confront in Franz Kafka’s The Metamorphosis. In the novella, protagonist Gregor Samsa wakes up one morning to find himself laying in bed transformed into a bug. Suddenly he began to lose his voice, and also his individuality in society. The pressures placed upon him by society and his family, became too much for him to bear. However, his transformation was much more than just a physical change. It was the result of his surroundings, and the people he spent his life supporting. These surroundings caused Gregor to believe that the only way to achieve his purpose was to find it in work, whether he like it or not. Throughout The Metamorphosis, materialistic obsession of surroundings implanted by society lead to an alienation of body and soul that is intensified by a dehumanizing transformation.
The voice of an individual is what makes one an independent member of society. Those who appear