Maximilien Robespierre And The Reign Of Terror Of The French Revolution

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Maximilien Robespierre was a revolutionary who significantly influenced and justified the Reign of Terror. The Reign of Terror was a dark and violent time during the French Revolution. It began when the Girondins were overthrown by the Jacobins, who were led by Robespierre. Later, the members of the government had lost to the Jacobins and sans-culottes, thus the king was executed. The Jacobins were the driving force of the Reign of Terror, while Robespierre was the mastermind. The Girondins were a branch of the Jacobins but they were conservatives and less radical. The Jacobins were the most radical and ruthless of the political groups, and they identified themselves with the common people, also known as the sans-culottes. In response to their poverty-stricken life under the Ancien Régime, most of the sans-culottes became revolutionaries and militant supporters of the French Revolution. The sans-culottes saw popular violence as a political right, therefore they attacked anything or anyone who was against the revolution. They were determined to avoid street violence, hence taking violence into their own hands as an instrument of the government. (Linton, Marisa 2006) In association with Robespierre, the Jacobins started the Reign of Terror. Robespierre and the Jacobins began to concentrate their power in spreading the Reign of Terror when they dominated the National Convention. Without delay, they made various harsh laws to frighten anyone who disagreed with them.
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