Media Project

1616 Words May 9th, 2016 7 Pages
Art as Technique

1. Defamiliarization is stripping objects or subjects from their individual or “familiar” characteristics and giving them unusual or “unfamiliar” traits to allow the reader to see it in a whole new perspective. An example of this is in Tolstoy's defamiliarization of spanking, explaining the act as “to strip people who have broken the law, to hurl them to the floor, and to rap on their bottoms with switches.” The crude description removes the disciplinary context it had and creates a vicious and “savage” form of abuse. This continues with Tolstoy saying “Just why precisely this stupid, savage means of causing pain and not any other – why not prick the shoulders or any part of the body with needles, squeeze the hands
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Or maybe the author was condemning the emotionless proposals of actual politicians in the time period that only focused on the economic growth of the country instead of focusing on the ethical values that needed to be upheld. Either way, the author is critiquing the general lack of emotion towards the issue of Ireland.

Politics and the English Language

1. When Orwell refers to dead metaphors, he means metaphors that have lost their authenticity and meaning, and has “…reverted to being an ordinary word and can generally be used without loss of vividness”, using iron resolution and fishing in troubled waters as examples. Original metaphors, ones that “evoke a visual image”, that he used to combat dying metaphors are “…more and more phrases being tacked together like the sections of a prefabricated hen-house” and “…an accumulation of stale phrases chokes him like tea leaves blocking a sink,”; successful at creating an original an authentic image in the reader's mind.

2. I agree that politics and economics are a factor of the change in language over time. Major events in history almost always dictate what is appropriate to say and what should be omitted in texts or even in spoken language. An example of this in the real world is the denial of the Armenian Genocide being enforced so strongly in Turkey that several books of the subject were banned, as well as creating the veto of the adoption of “Armenian
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