Chapter 2: Literature Review This project will focus on a hospital located in the upper Midwest. The focus of the project will be on Medicare readmissions at Henry Ford West Bloomfield Hospital (HFWBH). .
The Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program (HRRP) was passed in 2012 under the Affordable Care Act, to help hospitals to improve patient care and reduce costs. (Danner, 2016). The diagnoses with the highest readmissions rates associated with the highest expense are: acute myocardial infarction (AMI), pneumonia, and congestive heart failure. CMS also extended their program in 2015 to incorporate reimbursement reduction for hip/knee replacements, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), and they also have plans in 2017 to include the …show more content…
Nurses help organize and manage patient’s transition to home whereas the pharmacist calls the patient after discharge to review their medications. Any problems with medications are communicated to the primary provider.
• Transitional Care Mode (TCM) –this program is for elderly that are high-risk for readmissions, such as patients who experienced heart failure or a heart attack or has chronic conditions. Advance practice nurses do home visits for these patients for three months, and are the nurses are available by phone seven days a week.
• Project BOOST (Better Outcomes or Older Adults through Safe Transitions)- hospital and primary care providers delivers a toolkit to improve care transition. The BOOST tools are follow up telephone calls, follow up appointments, interprofessional rounds (communication among care team during hospitalization and discharge), post-Acute Care Transitions, and medication reconciliation.
• State Action on Avoidable Readmissions (STAAR) – this is a pilot program to improve care transition that concentrates on developing community-based and state-based …show more content…
However, there are still some interface issues between Allscripts and Epic. Interfacing between two different EHR systems is vital for communication, accuracy, and efficiency. It requires customization of interoperability methodologies to overcome the constraints that prevent information flowing from one EHR to another.
System Interfaces HFHS utilizes both Allscripts and Epic for their EHR systems. In order to create a meaningful readmission report, information must be collected and collated manually. This results in questionably accuracy of the report as provided in feedback from various department. This project revolves around creating the electronic interfaces that would result in an automatically generated readmission report. It will involve and benefit stakeholders
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This is an opportunity for hospitals to work more closely with skilled nursing facilities and other post-acute providers to improve care transitions, and experience fewer readmissions. The ACA impacted hospitals by holding back a one percent reimbursement rate. Hospitals will actually need to perform and deliver high-quality evidenced based care to recover the one percent withheld reimbursement rate while hospitals that exceed the benchmark, will received a higher reimbursement rate over the one percent. The Act is intended to help spur the trend of more integrated care throughout the continuum. The Affordable care act (ACA) of 2010 designed programs for improvements and innovation in the quality of hospital care by instituting the Medicare’s hospital readmission reduction program. Through this program, CMS reduces Medicare payment bt one percent for hospitals for hospitals that demonstrated high rate of avoidable readmissions for patients with a diagnosis of heart failure, heart attack
Readmission to a hospital creates strain and added expense for the patient and hospital; in 2011, hospital costs due to readmission were almost $41.3 billion (Hines, Barrett, Jiang, & Steiner, 2014; Rau, 2014). There are many aspects of healthcare associated with readmission, such as lack of discharge planning and education, which need to be addressed i to decrease the amount of preventable re-hospitalizations.
In 2013 an average of one out of eight Medicare patients are readmitted within a 30-day period which lead to the estimated costs of around $18 billion a year for Medicare patients alone. Hospitals will either be penalized or receive bonuses for their performance with readmissions. This program will encourage hospitals to concentrate on ways to improve coordinating transitions of care while improving the safety and quality of care provided. In order to
The Affordable Care Act was enacted to improve health care and to lower health care cost in America. The ACA developed different strategies to meet these goals called the “pay for performance” programs. These strategies are aimed at the different providers to improve quality care. The strategy that I selected is the “Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program” this program/strategy is also known as the HRRP and was begun in October of 2012. HRRP is aimed at hospitals and penalizes hospitals that have a high 30 day readmission rate. The penalties are assessed and based on a number of comparisons, those such as, performance, patient demographics, comorbidities and frailty.
In a world of budget cut and layoffs, medical corporations face new and different challenges in addition to helping and healing patients. I used to work as a medical biller in a physician’s office for five years and I experienced how difficult for the health care providers to get reimbursed. The government and the insurance companies have been limiting the budget towards the health care services. This action also affects the hospitals greatly because Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) and some policymakers have requested the hospitals to reduce the
This paper deals with the legislative, regulatory components of Medicare Readmission Reduction Program along with recommendation to reduce their readmission rates for a health care facility like Valley hospital in Spokane which has been penalized a higher percentage of 2% as compared to other hospitals in the state of Washington under the third round of penalties.
Hospitals nationwide have been striving to reduce the rate of patient readmissions. Both the federal government and private insurers are tired of picking up the tab. In a 2009 study in the New England Journal of Medicine, researchers estimated that a year's worth of unplanned re-hospitalizations cost Medicare alone $17.4 billion. Congestive heart failure is a particularly big target, as one in four patients end up back in the hospital within 30 days of discharge. Starting in the fall of 2012, the government will cut Medicare reimbursements for hospitals with higher-than-expected 30-day readmission rates for heart failure and two other conditions: heart attack and pneumonia (Avril, 2011).
Congestive heart failure is a growing chronic condition in the United States that accounts for over one million hospitalizations and is responsible for 27% of patients with heart failure on Medicare are readmitted with 30 days of discharge (Hines, Yu & Randall, 2010). The intensity of the disease process poses a financial strain on both the patient and the payers, especially Medicare, as 10 per 1000 population are 65 years or older and therefore a Medicare beneficiary (Mozaffarian et al., 2015). Consequently, in order to gain control over this chronic disease and its cost burden, the government and policy makers have shifted the responsibility to the health care facilities through the creation of policies that affect hospital reimbursement based on readmission rates. As a member of the quality team at my facility, the Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program deeply impacts my practice and encourages the hospital as a whole to focus on improving multidisciplinary collaboration in pursuit of quality patient care, resulting in better outcomes and decreased readmissions.
Policy makers created the Medicare Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program (HRRP) in an attempt to improve quality of patient care and lower costs (James, 2013). In order to avoid these penalties, healthcare leaders must recognize that CMS has identified a correlation between readmissions and a lack of quality care. Therefore, the aim is not to focus solely on hospital readmissions, but to seek clinical excellence by investing in quality improvement (Silow-Carrol, Edwards & Lashbrook, 2011). However, reducing readmissions is a complex undertaking, because not all readmissions can or should be prevented. Indeed, some readmissions are planned as part of sound clinical care. Furthermore, while hospitals work to reduce readmissions caused
What factors contribute to multiple Chronic Obstructive admissions and how can the number of readmissions within 30 days be reduced? The Affordable Care Act added section 1886 to the Social Security Act. This section created the Hospital Readmission Reduction Program (HRRP). The purpose of HRRP is to reduce hospital spending and improve quality of care (Sjoding & Colin, 2014). HRRP requires Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) to reduce, or penalize, hospitals receiving payments from CMS for excessive admission of several chronic diseases, taking affect in October 2012 (CMS, 2018). Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease was added in 2015 as one of these conditions.
The health care organizations have big opportunity to improve their quality of healthcare service as well as improve life quality of customers through reducing an avoidable readmission. The readmission is defined by Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Service (CMS) “Admission to a subsection hospital within 30 days of a discharge from the same or another subsection hospital” Hoffman, J.H. (2012). Readmissions can be classified four different categories, including (1) Planned readmission which the reason of the readmission is related to the initial admission. For example, reconstructive surgery with subsequent steps or it could be series of treatment such as cancer chemotherapy. (2) Planned but the reason is not related to the initial readmission.
With a variety of trends that account for the increasing cases of the elderly population at risk for hospital readmission, the authors discuss an in depth evaluation on why this occurs. Hospital readmission, a growing health concern, tallied in a whopping $17 B in Medicare cost for unplanned hospitalizations. Readmission, refers to a return to the hospital after discharge from a recent stay where rates are reported mostly at 30, 60, and 90-day intervals after discharge. Even though the elderly, aged 60 years or older, unfailingly represent the highest rate of hospital readmissions compared to other age groups, according to the authors, readmission rates have been associated with patient demographics, chronic conditions and utilization factors. Additionally, although the aforementioned factors contribute to readmission, adverse events such as injuries that result from hospitalization or at home like medication errors. According to (Robinson, Howie-Esquivel, & Vlahov)
In my current position, the Hospital Readmission Reduction program plays a pivotal role in my job. I am a part of a new initiative in conjunction with NexusMontgomery. “This program aims to provide care management intervention that will reduce overall hospital costs and reduce hospital admissions and readmissions in Montgomery county Maryland” (Regional Trans, 2015, p. 1). Funding is provided from The Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services. The program aims to significantly reduce the number of residents in Montgomery County with hospital admissions and readmissions. The targeted population are seniors 65 years and older. The client must have Medicare and reside in an eligible Montgomery county zip code. The program will reduce hospital
CMS 30 day-readmission penalties have motivated hospital to reevaluate discharge planning in hopes to reduce 30-day readmissions. Lopes et al. (2015) used the CRUSADE registry to evaluate causes associated with 30-day readmissions. This study included 36,711 patients with non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction, age > 65 enrolled February 15, 2003 – December 29, 2006. This study evaluated comorbidities and cumulative incidence of readmissions over one year and found that readmissions with the very elderly having 50% mortality rate at 1 year which was thought to be impacted by co-morbidities, deconditioning and avoidance of core measure post-MI medications for various reasons. The final conclusion was that
In an effort to curb these costs, in 2013 the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) enacted the Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program. Under this program, hospitals are penalized for readmissions occurring in the first 30 days. The penalties apply to specific conditions for CMS recipients including acute myocardial infarction, heart failure, coronary artery bypass graft