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Mexican American Conquest

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In 1846 the American Congress voted to support President James Polk aggression on Mexico. The United States had refrained from war with Mexico for close to a decade, but in 1844 President John Tyler started what would eventually be executed by President Polk. In 1836 Texas won independence from Mexico. In 1844 President Tyler began negotiations with Texas which eventually led to the treaty of annexation. Actions of President Tyler unsettled Mexico as a significant territory was under dispute between Texas and Mexico. James Polk succeeded Tyler in 1844 and believed in the ideology of manifest destiny whereby the influence of the US was to spread on the continent and into the Pacific (History, 2016). The Mexican American war earnestly started…show more content…
As the Article VIII states, “Mexicans now established in territories previously belonging to Mexico, and which remain for the future within the limits of the United States, as defined by the present Treaty, shall be free to continue where they now reside, or to remove at any time to the Mexican Republic” (O’Sullivan 122). Their rights to the property were also promised to be respected. Moreover, Mexicans living in the annexed territory henceforth ceded their Mexican citizenship and became Americans due to Article IX, where it states, “The Mexicans who, in the territories aforesaid, shall not preserve the character of citizens of the Mexican Republic” (O’Sullivan 122). Despite the promise of enjoyment of American rights the occupants of the acquired land found life harsh as the U.S. did not honor what it guaranteed on the treaty. Citizens of Eastern American started moving to the new territory almost immediately after the annexation. The Mexicans were robbed of their properties and land by the new occupants. The legal and outright oppression of Mexican negated them to second class citizens in the US. The new citizens were not part of Mexico, yet they were subjected to oppression in their new country. The Mexicans were therefore colonized citizens of the US. They were used as laborers in their territory by the White occupants. Article VIII of the treaty which was the…show more content…
For Mexico, the Treaty of Guadalupe was a big loss but it was a course they had to take to avoid further annexation by US expansionist; some members of Congress wanted more occupation of Mexico. The win for the US was the new territory provided mineral and land for cultivation, and most importantly the treaty ended a war that was costly. The treaty however eventually lead to the Civil War in the U.S. because it tilted the balance between Free and slave states. Mexico descended into civil war because of the division of the course of action to be taken after losing more than half of its
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