Migration From The United States

1816 WordsAug 14, 20168 Pages
With origins that can be traced to the mid-nineteenth century, migration from Mexico to the United States has constituted the greatest consistent movement of migrant labor encompassing both the previous and current centuries. There have been a number of periodizations of this history, including one consisting of basic timeframes, which are 1900 to 1930, 1942 to 1964, and the 1980s to the present. This chronological approach focuses on industrial enterprises and/or economic policies originating from the U.S. enacted with the acquiescence of elites in Mexico. The guest worker program agreed to by Mexico and the United States known as the Bracero Program (1942 to 1964) increased the border area population and significantly has impacted the current period in the history of this migratory pattern. In addition to the periodization of Mexican migration, this entry also will address how culture and identity have been influenced by the border region between the U.S. and Mexico. 1965 TO 1985 The twenty year timeframe from 1965 to 1985 marked a time of transition in Mexican-U.S. migratory history during which a cooperative but American-focused relationship existed between the two nations and then became one centered on the U.S. taking steps unilaterally to control this migratory flow which was seen as posing a threat. Some milestones during this period included the Hart-Cellar Act (1965), which amended the Immigration and Nationalities Act (1952). This law, however, ended up further
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