Migration From The United States

1816 Words8 Pages
With origins that can be traced to the mid-nineteenth century, migration from Mexico to the United States has constituted the greatest consistent movement of migrant labor encompassing both the previous and current centuries. There have been a number of periodizations of this history, including one consisting of basic timeframes, which are 1900 to 1930, 1942 to 1964, and the 1980s to the present. This chronological approach focuses on industrial enterprises and/or economic policies originating from the U.S. enacted with the acquiescence of elites in Mexico. The guest worker program agreed to by Mexico and the United States known as the Bracero Program (1942 to 1964) increased the border area population and significantly has impacted the…show more content…
Mexico’s sustained economic boom, which had begun in the 1940s, suddenly ended during a global economic recession in 1982. During the Carter presidency (1976 to 1980), the public mood turned increasingly critical of migration, which was shared by that administration with its “Tortilla Curtain,” a failed 1978 attempt at controlling the border in El Paso, Texas, which incurred criticism ranging from human rights advocates to business interests.
The mid-1980s marked the initial instance in which persistent and increasing migration flows occurred in areas beyond the usual American gateway states of California, Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, and Illinois. The southern U.S. became a prime destination due to growing economic opportunity, although its Hispanic arrivals had to acclimate to the racial climate in that region which they were able to do given a greater acceptance of the white population of them relative to black residents. The Immigration Reform and Control Act/IRCA (1986) marked the beginning of the current period of migration from Mexico. As a result of this impactful law, almost 2.5 million Mexicans attained U.S. legal status. This development along with a growing militarized border area
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