Mindfulness And Openness

Decent Essays
Mindfulness is “a practice of learning to focus attention on moment-by-moment experience with an attitude of curiosity, openness, and acceptance” (Marchand, 2012). Although the origin of mindfulness resides in the principles and wisdoms of Buddhism, recent research has demonstrated the beneficial effects in a multiple of clinical settings, including major depressive disorder and episodes. Previous research has substantiated that MBCT has broad-spectrum antidepressant and antianxiety effects (Marchand, 2012), and mindfulness-based approaches have been efficaciously applied to manage a wide range of stress-related and health problems (Hofmann, Sawyer, Witt, & Oh, 2010). As mindfulness has rapidly gained attention by clinicians, doctors, and other…show more content…
Belmaker and Agam (2008) described that depression is very similar to the normal emotions of sadness or bereavement, except that sadness does not subside even after the external cause is removed. Likewise, when bereavement or normal sadness exacerbates disproportionately to the external cause, depression is likely appropriate to be considered.
The prevalence of MDD in the United States is approximately 7%, although the prevalence varies significantly by age groups and gender (APA, 2013). For instance, the prevalence of MDD in individuals aged between 18 and 29 is three times higher than the prevalence among individuals aged 60 and older (APA, 2013). Specifically, approximately 14.8 million American adults in a given year are affected by the disorder (Kessler, Chiu, Demler, Merikangas, & Walters, 2005). The World Health Organization assessed depression as the fourth leading disorder affecting individuals worldwide (Murray, & Lopez,
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For further analysis of etiology, the Cognitive Conceptualization Diagram is applied to conceptualize the paradigm of how MDD is elicited. It begins with Relevant Childhood Data that likely involves with unpleasant or traumatic events. Let’s say that a patient named Bill was raised in a family where his father was a workaholic and spent most of his time at work rather than being at home with his family. In contrast, his mother was going through a recurrent form of persistent depressive disorder, and she was unable to provide the necessary attention to and validation of Bill’s feelings. Essentially, Bill would feel he was often isolated and not cared for by his
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