Moral Relativism And Moral Concepts

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Moral relativism is a methodological principle of interpretation of the nature of morality underlying ethical theories. It is expressed in the fact that moral concepts and ideas gave extremely relative, changeable and arbitrary. Moral principles, concepts of good and evil are different in different people, social groups, and individuals in a certain way connected with the interests, beliefs, and inclinations of people, limited regarding its value time and place.
But this diversity and variability of moral ideas relativists do not see anything in common and natural. In the end, relativism leads to subjectivity in the interpretation of moral concepts and judgments, to the denial to them of any objective content. Ethical relativism often expressed a desire of certain social groups to undermine or subvert the dominant form of morality, which was given an absolute and dogmatic sense (absolutism). In the history of ethical teachings, the relativistic conception of morality is being developed in the slave society. The Sophists, pointing to the moral conceptions opposed to different nations (that is a virtue in some, condemned by others as a defect), emphasized the relativity of good and evil (good is what is useful in some people).
The relativism of the Sophists reflected the desire to debunk the absolute moral values, institutionalized centuries-old traditions of the past. Such an attitude to the moral principles is also evident in academics - the later followers of Plato. In
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