Movement Dynamics and Outcomes Essay

Decent Essays

Social movements come about for various reasons and are driven by various means. People are motivated for movement by things that affect them personally. Social movements can be defined simply as an organized effort of a group to promote or resist change either within the group, or society as a whole. For change to be sought, people must see something as troublesome. Varying political environments may also support or hinder social movements and activist factions. Activists and social movement organizations may have increased access to sway the ideas of politicians, opportunities to take advantage of political instability, or exploit the political system’s ability to inhibit their actions, based upon the political environment. This …show more content…

The same year of the Columbia University protests the SDS organization collapsed. This left the remaining activists looking for someone or something to follow. The demise of SDS led to the birth of the radical activist group known as the Weathermen.
The Weathermen, also know as Weather Underground, advocated violent revolutionary activism. Outraged by the Vietnam War and racism in America, the organization waged a low-level war against the U.S. government through much of the 1970s, bombing the Capitol building, breaking Timothy Leary out of prison, and evading one of the largest FBI manhunts in history. The FBI considered them as “domestic terrorists.” The Weather Underground advocated things such as "bring the war home,” and that they did. In October 1969 activists associated with the Weathermen demonstrated in Chicago. They ran through the streets, yielding bats and pipes, smashing cars and shattering shop windows along the way.
Social movement activists may select from a range of possibilities to demonstrate their desire for a change. Some movement tactics and strategies are rare, some quite common, and some are out dated. Some activists rely solely on verbal pleas, and other movements may rely on political activism and physical demonstration. Although some movements and activists still use threatening tactics and violence, this has become uncommon within very organized political systems. Movements may employ confrontational

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