Essay about NR505 Critique of Systematic Research Review

1493 Words Jan 31st, 2015 6 Pages
Analysis and Application of a Clinical Practice Guideline: Child Passenger Safety
Chamberlain College of Nursing
NR505 Advanced Research Methods
May 2012

Analysis and Application of a Clinical Practice Guideline: Child Passenger Safety Motor vehicle crashes are identified as the leading cause of death in children under 19 years of age across the United States (Sauber-Schatz, West, & Bergen, 2014). Due to the large number of child deaths that occur each year, education regarding the proper use of child passenger safety seats must be provided to families. According to Basco, Hletko, West, and Darden (2009), although death and injury caused by motor vehicle accidents are deemed accidental, they are
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Recommendations Based on results of the guideline there are specific recommendations that should be followed by families and medical personnel regarding child passenger safety practices. Rear-facing car seats should be utilized for infants and toddlers until they are 2 years old, or have reached the maximum weight identified by the car seat manufacturer. Forward facing seats with a harness should be utilized once the child has outgrown the rear-facing seat and should be utilized until the maximum height or weight identified by the car seat manufacturer has been reached by the child. Once the maximum height or weight requirement has been reached, the child should be transitioned into a belt-positioning booster seat. The belt-positioning booster seat should be utilized until the lap-and-shoulder seat belt fits properly, which is usually between 8 and 12 years of age or around the height of 4 feet nine inches. Until children are at least 14 years of age children should travel in rear seats of vehicles to promote optimal protection (Committee on Injury, Violence, and Poison Prevention, 2011). Whether working as a nurse in the community or on an inpatient hospital unit it is important to continually offer education to families regarding appropriate practice for child passenger safety. Parents often base car seat selection on age of their child, but that is only one of the factors that