On the narrow isthmus known as Central America, between the world’s two greatest oceans, Nicaragua has been marked by endless years of political turmoil, social tension and economic dismay. The turmoil’s that have shaken the country make it plausible to believe that by some metaphysical law, Nicaraguan politics have accommodated to nature’s tantrums. Like its diverse, rugged and seismically active geology, the country’s politics have been irregular, impulsive and often explosive (Pastor, 15). The Nicaraguan election of February 25, 1990 represents the country’s attempt to break from its turbulent political past and pursue economic and political stability through the establishment of a democracy. The
The Nicaraguan government is fair and balanced. Like the United States, Nicaragua has a republic form of government with three branches. The capital of Nicaragua is Managua. Nicaraguans pick their political parties, depending on their personalities. Daniel Ortega is the president of Nicaragua. As a result, this government promotes peace in Nicaragua.
There is the Constitutional Court, which upholds the integrity of the constitution, decide how constitutional a law is, and to make amendments to it. The Superior Judicial Council’s job is to solve disputes between the other courts. Its judges are chosen by the other three courts and serve for an eight-year term. The Council of State is the highest court for civil law, and its judges are chosen from a selection of judges chosen by the Superior Judicial Council. The fourth and final court is the Supreme Court of Justice and is the highest criminal court, the judges are chosen the same as the Council of State and both groups of judges serve for four-year terms. All of the courts are as coequal as possible and intertwined as one can see in how they choose their judges.
General Somoza is assassinated in 1956 and is succeeded by his eldest son Luis Somoza Debayle. In 1967 Luis died and the last Somoza son, Anastasio, took over. Anastasio Somoza was the last member of the dynasty which ruled Nicaragua as a dictatorship from 1934 until he was overthrown in 1979 and assassinated in Paraguay. Nicaragua's current president, Daniel Ortega, took office for the first time in 1984. Violeta Barrios de Chamorro defeated Ortega in the 1990 election, and installed a reconciliation government. In 2006 Ortega returns to presidency for his 2nd term. During his term in 2009 he announces a plan to change the constitution of Nicaragua so he will be qualified to run another 5-year term. (BBC News) As of today, the government is a democratic republic and Daniel Ortega is the current President with Moises Omar
In the United States Government, there are three levels of the federal court system: District courts, Courts of Appeal, and the Supreme Court. District courts were created after the Judiciary Act of 1789, and consist of federal trial courts that do not cross state lines. They can use original jurisdiction on some cases if they involve a federal government as a party, present a federal based question, or involve civil suits with citizens. The United States attorney, who is nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate, is the district’s chief law enforcement officer. Courts of Appeals was established in 1789 to hear appeals from federal district courts. They are overseen by the chief judge, who serves 7 years, and each court can range from 11-30 judges, depending on the workload and complexity of cases. These courts appeal cases by the losing party that have already been heard and decided in a federal district court. They have no original jurisdiction, but instead use appellate jurisdiction over appeals from criminal cases, and from administrative agencies. The Supreme Court reviews cases at the center of highly controversial issues that the political process has yet to resolve successfully. These cases may include cases from the United States Courts of Appeals, state Supreme Courts, and act as a final decision. The judges within the Supreme Court are highly regarded, and one must meet specific requirements to become one.
In El Salvador, a mountainous coffee-growing country of 5 million citizens was ruled by an unholy alliance of large-scale landowners and military officers. Acceleration of agriculture exports during the 1960’s led to an increased concentration of rural holdings by large-scale landowners and in turn increased the percentage of peasants who had no land at all. A reformist challenge to the status quo came through the Christian Democratic Party, under the leadership of José Duarte. As mayor of San Salvador, Duarte built strong connections with intellectuals, professionals, and other middle-class groups that if the military hadn’t interfered and imposed dictatorial rule he would have surely won the election for presidency in 1972. Fake elections in 1977 led to the installation of General Carlos Humberto Romero as president, who imposed a law to defend and guarantee public order. Duarte himself was imprisoned, tortured, and exiled but never fled to the hills. A
The next step in the ladder is the District Court; like the Local Court, it has both Criminal and Civil Jurisdiction, however it hears most indictable offences in jury trials. The Supreme Courts Trial Division has original civil and criminal jurisdiction, but it only hears the most serious of criminal cases (like murder or terrorism). Additionally, its’ Court of Appeal hears direct appeals from the District Court and Supreme Court trial division – it usually only hears appeals regarding questions of law and not fact.
The judiciary system is defined by Article III in the Constitution and Section 2 describes the powers and limitations that court system has. The purpose of the judiciary is to handle interpretations of the laws created by the constitution and any disputes that arises between parties, cases may be brought to the court, the court cannot create cases. There are 3 levels in the court system, which is true for the state judiciary as well as the Federal level. The two lower levels attempt resolve issues while lessoning the burden on the supreme courts. The lowest level of court is the district court aka trial courts,
The federal court system consists of three levels. The leading and nethermost is the United States district courts. Secondly, the middle level is the court of appeals. The Supreme Court is reflected as the uppermost law court in the United States. The United States district courts comprise of the ordinary federal provisional courts, even though in many circumstances the legislature has approved acts that dissuade unusual authority to these particular courts or executive law juries. The Courts of Appeals are the state middle appellate law court. They function under an organization of obligatory appraisal which implies they are obligated to hear all the appeals of right from the subordinate courts. Courts of appeals can make an own presiding of their own on the case, or decide to agree the verdict of the lower court. In the last circumstance, several offenders choose to appeal to the Supreme Court. This Court is the utmost court in the United States judicial system, this is seen the court that is in charge of the final remedy. It commonly is an appellate law court that functions in unrestricted appraisal. This implies that the Court, via surrendering of summonses of certiori, has the power to choose which cases to hear and the one to dismiss. There exist no rights of appeal to the Supreme Court (Haerens, 2010).
The Supreme Court, Court of Appeals, and the District Courts are the three separate court levels in this branch. The Constitution gave the Supreme Court the power of establishing other courts to the Congress. It is also the highest court in the nation because they are able to interpret the Constitution. Courts of Appeals only hear appeals from the lower District Court. When a defendant is not satisfied with the verdict of the trial court, he or she can ask for an appeal. An appeal is a petition for the case to be heard by a new court. The District Court is responsible to hear trials that are jury trials. They are local federal courts located in major population
Court cases, both criminal and civil begin in a regional court which makes a decision based upon the law that governs that particular region and that specific
There are 94 different federal trial courts call District Courts. The role of these district courts are to hear civil and criminal cases. Those district courts are broken down into 12 different regional circuits, each of the 12 regional circuits have their own court of appeals. These court of appeals deals with appeals within their circuit. Those appeals are then heard and their fate is then decided based on the record that was given before the District Court. All the cases that involve juvenile issues, child custody and Dupree cases, inheritance/probate cases, real estate, as well as most cases that involve criminal prosecution, personal injury cases, disputes and contracts, as well as public health cases. Each state handle local laws, has its own police, and court system. Each court system has its own Supreme Court which is known as the court of last resort. Local crimes in cases go before their local courts and from there it's it is decided whether or not the case goes before the state, supreme, or federal court.
There are three different tiers within the federal court system. There are only one Supreme Court. It is the highest court in the United States. The lower courts below the Supreme Court can actually have cases roll over to the Supreme Court. Then you have U.S. Courts of Appeals. There are thirteen Appellate courts. The appellate courts deal with making sure the law was applied correctly in trial court. Appellate court doesn’t have a jury all they have is three judges. Then there is District Courts, which there are ninety-four around the country. They try to resolve disputes between people and try to figure out which one if right and wrong. Trail courts have
The Judicial Branch is made of three different courts. Local Court, Appeal Court, and Supreme court are the three courts that make up the Judicial Branch. The job of the Judicial Branch is to explain the laws. But their power is to declare laws that are constitutional or unconstitutional. The process of going to court is, case goes to Local court. If you're not happy with the decision that is made then you go to the Appeal court. If you still aren't happy with the decision that was made then you go to the Supreme court. After that you are going to have to deal with the decision that is made because the Supreme court is the highest court and there is no more courts to go