Nova Scotia 's Clean Energy Targets

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Nova Scotia’s Clean Energy Targets The government of Nova Scotia has made policies to reach certain environmental standards in energy production through the Environmental Goals and Prosperity Act, passed in 2007. These targets include Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reduction of 10% below 1990 levels by 2020 Reduction in emissions of Sulphur Oxide, Nitrogen Oxide and Mercury 25% of electricity supply produced by renewable resources by 2015 40% of electricity supply produced by renewable resources by 2020 (Abreu, 2013, p. 13) These goals support the Canadian Federal Government targets set in 2012, allowing Nova Scotia 7.5 million tonnes of CO_2 emissions by 2020 (a 25% reduction from 2007 levels) and 4.5 million tonnes by 2030 (a 40%…show more content…
The transport costs of shipping coal were minimal since it was a local resource. Coal mining also created local employment and enabled Nova Scotia to avoid relying on imported fuel sources to produce electricity. However over the course of the 1980’s and 1990’s, most Nova Scotia coal mines have shut down, due to their increasing operation and maintenance costs, lack of coal being found and low environmental quality of the coal. As a result, in 2012, 59% of Nova Scotia’s electricity came from coal combustion, all of which was imported. (Abreu, 2013, p. 22) Nova Scotia currently imports most of its coal from Colombia, Venezuela and the United States, putting Nova Scotia at the mercy of global trade markets. (Hughes, Nova Scotia 's Energy Strategy, 2009) Moreover, the mines in Colombia that produce much of the coal burned in Nova Scotia have persistently bad records of human rights violations, leading a Cape Breton University professor who tracks the sources of Nova Scotia’s coal to argue that every time Nova Scotians turn on a light switch they are complicit in human rights violations in Colombia. (Herald, 2014) Examples of Nova Scotia’s encounters with energy insecurity include the inability to access Petcoke following Hurricane Katrina in 2005-2006 and the refusal of a Colombian coal shipment during political tensions. (Hughes, Does Nova Scotia Have an Electric Future? , 2008, p. 4) Coal prices have risen steadily for the

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