Obesity : Obesity And Obesity

3780 Words16 Pages
ABSTRACT Obesity is one of the major health problems of today, which has taken on the proportions of the global epidemic. According to the World Health Organisation (WHO) 1.5 billion people are overweight, of which more than 500 million people are considered obese, which provides for the increase in prevalence in the coming years. Fourteen million Australians are overweight or obese in Australia (http://www.modi.monash.edu.au/obesity-facts-figures/obesity-in-australia/). There are number of causes relating to obesity. In fast pace working life, including the availability of fast and unhealthy food, unhealthy living and eating habits and a sedentary lifestyle are considered to be major risk factors for the development of over-nutrition and obesity. Accumulation of fat, particularly visceral, has been implicated in chronic lesions and diseases of organ systems. The diagnosis of obesity used anthropometric measurements and to determine body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, and the ratio of waist and hips to give insight into the type of obesity which the patient belongs and which is exposed to a health risk. Creating a well-designed prevention programs are one of the major challenges for public health in order to raise awareness in the population that obesity is a disease that can be prevented with proper diet and adequate physical activity. INTRODUCTION Obesity is a major health problem worldwide today. Globalisation and urbanisation

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