Oscar Wilde: A Brief Biography

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Background Information: Oscar Fingal O’Flahertie Wills Wilde, son of William and Jane Wilde, was born October 16, 1854 in Dublin, Ireland. Wilde was born into a well educated and literate family, as his father was an ear and eye surgeon who had written multiple books during his practice. His mother was also a writer; she wrote articles relating to Irish nationalism, the rights of women along with multiple poems, essays, and stories (Shuman). Oscar excelled in school and received multiple recognitions in religious and classical studies while attending the Portora Royal School. This recognition continued into his time at Trinity College of Dublin where he received the Classical Demyship scholarship to Magdalen College, Oxford. He received his bachelor’s degree from Oxford in 1878, but continued to study further. Afterwards, he took part in the theatre and opera performances. Wilde and his acquaintances had the belief that one should surround themselves only around beautiful things. W. S. Gilbert and Sir Arthur Sullivan, a musical theatre group that Wilde was associated with, sent him to the United States for a year on a lecture tour on aestheticism and other topics because he was so passionate about the topic. He spoke to the large group of people that his tour attracted and gave 125 lectures throughout the United States and Canada. In 1884 Wilde married Constance Lloyd, and from there had two sons. Yet, he became involved in a relationship with Alfred Douglas. Wilde

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