Overcrowding Of Prisons And Its Effects On Inmates

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Overcrowding in Prisons In the United States, the increasing population within prisons contribute to the stress regarding the security of correctional facilities’ and the negative effects on inmates. Overcrowding can be defined as a space with a concentrated number of objects or people in a space beyond comfort. According to Verne Cox, PhD, “as a group of prison researchers summarized, in the 1980s [...] crowding in prisons is a major source of administrative problems and adversely affects inmate health, behavior, and morale.”(Haney. 2006 (4.)) Furthermore, the effects of overpopulation contribute to that of psychological hardship and emotional distress. The extent of overcrowding in prisons chronically effects not only prisoners’ morality and the correctional facilities’ security, but society as well regarding the taxes to paid. In the prison setting, crowded conditions have been observed to be chronic on the convicts’ mental health and well-being. According to the John Howard Society, “when people prone to antisocial behaviour are gathered, there is an absence of personal control and idleness and boredom can be prevalent.”(Prison Overcrowding. 1996 (1.)) This boredom results in an increased chance of violence within the facility suggests evidence for competition for resources and space. Furthermore, dominance becomes almost vital in prisoners’ eyes offering them a feeling of power, self-worth, and personal control causing a “survival of the fittest” attitude

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