Peer To-Peer Advantages And Disadvantages

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Introduction According to the European Credit Research Institute, the term ‘peer-to-peer’ (P2P) describes the interaction between two parties without the need for a central intermediary. The term originated in the field of computer networking, to describe a network where any one computer can act as either a client or a server to other computers on the network without having to connect to a centralised server (A. Milne and P. Parboteeah, 2016). Peer-to-peer lending is used to describe online marketplaces where lenders (also referred interchangeably as investors) can lend to individuals or small businesses (A. Mateescu, 2015). Peer-to-peer lending activities have grown exponentially since the concept launched. For instance, from 2015 to 2016, P2P lending activities went up by 39%, from £2.3bn to £3.2bn (Bondmason, 2017). Over the years, both lenders and borrowers have endeavoured towards the possibilities of fundamentally disrupting and disintermediating existential financial links, distancing themselves from the financial main, and building new financial operators. Many point out that P2P lending can pose a significant threat to traditional financial and banking institutions because of the benefits that it presents. These include: comparably low interest margins due to their low managerial costs and because the platforms do not themselves assume any risk vulnerability; the potential to make loans to customers who may have been rejected for loans by established banks; and

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