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Peripheral Intravenous Device Insertion Is The Most Commonly Performed Invasive

Decent Essays
Peripheral intravenous device insertion is the most commonly performed invasive procedure in hospitalized patients, with an estimated 150 million placed each year in North America alone (Rickard, McCann, Munnings & McGrail, 2010). They are important for maintaining hydration, administering medications, providing blood and blood products and even nutrition to the patient, but are not without their complications. These complications include thrombophlebitis, infiltration and blood stream infection. Thrombophlebitis is among the most common complications of having intravenous access. Symptoms of phlebitis include pain, redness, tenderness upon palpation, swelling and warmth at the IV site and are all related to the inflammation of the vein (Uslusoy & Mete, 2008). Several studies were completed with the aim to determine predisposing factors that lead to a patient developing phlebitis. The other research articles discussed looks at the acceptance of a policy that is supposed to prevent phlebitis and other complications associated with IV access. Literature Review Research by Pasalioglu & Kaya (2008) looked at factors such as age, gender, number of catheterizations, the size of the catheter, anatomical site of the IV, administration of antibiotics, the duration the catheter remained in the vein, the cause of removal of IV and the level of phlebitis, if present, by utilizing a pre-determined staging key (Pasalioglu & Kaya, 2008). Pasalioglu & Kaya (2008) determined, the
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