Throughout the history of the world, God has been working to bring humanity back to him. Due to the loss of constant communion in the fall, God set forth multiple promises to eventually establish his eternal Kingdom, the New Testament, is the culmination of these promises. The Gospels are the most specific in how Jesus Christ fulfilled the covenants God made with Abraham and David. More importantly he is the fulfillment of the new covenant, which washes away sin and brings humanity back into communion with God. What is modeled in the Gospels is reaffirmed in Acts, by the way the church is to function according to the culmination of the Covenants. Acts begins to reveal the great mystery that is the inclusion of the Gentiles in God’s covenant. Paul’s Epistles take the culmination a step further and defend the idea that the fulfillment of God’s covenants does not just affect the people of Israel, but the Gentiles as well. The General epistles teach that the people are no longer bound by the mosaic covenant since the New Covenant was fulfilled via Jesus Christ. Yet practice of the law is still an important factor of the Christian life style even if superseded by the New Covenant. Revelation shows that covenants are leading up to the lord’s victory and salvation of his people. The sins of the Jews and Gentiles are washed away by Jesus the blood of the lamb so in reality the battle is already won because of the New Covenants fulfillment in Jesus. It is clear from
The second prophecy that resurfaced originated in Ezekiel chapter thirty-seven with the fulfillment the Israelites returning to the area they originally lost control over. “Then God said to me, “Son of man, these bones are the whole house of Israel. Listen to what they’re saying: ‘Our bones are dried up, our hope is gone, there’s nothing left of us.’ But God says: I’ll dig up your graves and bring you out alive—O my people! Then I’ll take you straight to the land of Israel. When I dig up graves and bring you out as my people, you’ll realize that I am God. Then I’ll lead you straight back to your land and you’ll realize that I am God. I’ve said it and I’ll do it.” (MSG Bible) Similar to the message provided in the first prophecy, this
I have heard them crying out because of their slave drivers, and I am concerned about their suffering. So I have come down to rescue them from the hand of the Egyptians and to bring them up out of that land into a good and spacious land, a land flowing with milk and honey—the home of the Canaanites, Hittites, Amorites, Perizzites, Hivites and Jebusites. And now the cry of the Israelites has reached me, and I have seen the way the Egyptians are oppressing them. So now, go. I am sending you to Pharaoh to bring my people the Israelites out of Egypt.” But Moses said to God, “Who am I that I should go to Pharaoh and bring the Israelites out of Egypt?” And God said, “I will be with you. And this will be the sign to you that it is I who have sent you: When you have brought the people out of Egypt, you will worship God on this mountain.” Moses said to God, “Suppose I go to the Israelites and say to them, ‘The God of your fathers has sent me to you,’ and they ask me, ‘What is his name?’ Then what shall I tell them?” God said to Moses, “I am who I am. This is what you are to say to the Israelites: ‘I am has sent me to you.’” God also said to Moses, “Say to the Israelites, ‘The Lord, the God of your fathers—the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob—has sent me to you.’ “This is my name forever, the name you shall call me from generation to generation. “Go, assemble the elders of Israel and say to
The Christ of the Covenants demonstrates the relationship between five covenants God instigated with Adam, Abraham, Noah, Moses, and David in the Old Testament, and how they are reflected in Jesus’ birth, death, and resurrection in the New Testament. In answering four basic questions, I discovered this main idea to be true time and time again. Robertson exhibits his vast knowledge of the subject with a concisely structured index outlining one clear point for the entire novel.
Comparing and contrasting different written works is a key aspect to discovering truths about the Christian Bible. When we compare and contrast canonical books, we can learn many things about the theology and context in which these books were written. Today, we will be comparing two books from the New Testament: Hebrews and Revelation. While Hebrews is often referred to as an epistle, it is actually more similar to a sermon. Revelation is a book that describes a supposed “vision” from the author John. John wrote this vision down on the instruction of a heavenly figure. While we compare these books, we will specifically focus on their relation to Judaism and their positions on Judaism. We will examine three major difference and/or similarities: Their views on the relevance of Jewish History, the superiority of Christ, and, the Second coming of the Messiah.
Jesus is the pivotal point of the Bible for the Christian worldview. Jesus’s coming as a savior was repeatedly foretold in the Old Testament. In Isaiah 9:6, it speaks of a baby who will be Prince of Peace. Also in Isaiah 53:3-7, it was predicted of the torture Jesus Christ which was for the atonement of our sins.
Introduction Dr. Christopher J. H. Wright (Ph. D., Cambridge) is an Old Testament scholar, an ordained Anglican ministry, and is the director of international ministries with the Langham Partnership International. In Knowing Jesus Through the Old Testament, Wright seeks to display the continuity between the Hebrew Scriptures and Jesus’ self-understanding. Wright maintains that Jesus’ self-understanding rooted in the history of salvation that God planned and worked for Israel. This review will show that Wright’s book provides the reader with a rich understanding of Jesus’ unique identity as the Hebrew
When the Hebrew peoples lost everything and entered into captivity to Babylon, they were a lost and floundering nation. “After the days of Solomon, the history of Israel was a story of increasing apostasy and judgement” (Clowney, 2013, p. 185). Despite their breaking of the covenants, and sinning against God in the worst ways, God did not abandoned them. He was very unhappy, and sent many prophets to speak His words to try to bring them back into relationship with Him, then God sent judgements down upon them. However, through these judgements, He kept to His promise to Abraham to ultimately bless the nations of Israel. (Clowney, 2013, p. 193) When they were allowed by Cyrus to return to Jerusalem (Arnold & Beyer, 2008, p. 58), with permission
On the left of the altar, there is a baptismal font where baptismal rites take place on occasional basis. In addition, there was a cabinet containing three vessels of oil. One is for blessing and strengthening those preparing for Baptism, another for the sick and the third is used in giving sacraments to the faithful. The tabernacle is used to keep holy Eucharist used in communion. The lamp hanging above this small place further represents Jesus presence in inside the special house. Therefore, the catholic take the tabernacle to be the holiest place in the church. The Pascal candle is a symbol of Jesus resurrection and is therefore replaced every Easter. Finally, the canopy hanging above the altar represents the time Jewish were wandering in the desert. Moreover, the canopy serves to remind Catholics of their journey with the Lord (Ascension Catholic
The Book of Ruth is often times treated as a book of history for Christians since its setting is around the time of the Book of Judges and gives linage to the Messiah, Jesus Christ, in the Old Testament. But the fundamental meaning of the Book of Ruth is to show a contrast between itself and the book of Judges. In the Book of Judges, the love of God and holding obediance to God’s covenant are taking a backseat to the Hebrews own wants, needs and struggles. But the book of Ruth restores that faith in the Covenant. Instead of the struggles of the Book of Judges portrays Ruth’s book shows the power of redemption and the love of God and the Covenant.
“So when they had come together, they asked him, ‘Lord, will you at this time restore the kingdom to Israel?’” (Acts 1:6) . The disciples, knowing the instruction of Jesus to pray ‘Your Kingdom come’ (Matt 6:10) expected that the resurrected Christ would finally bring the reign of God to earth, restoring the kingdom of Israel and fulfilling prophecy. This hope was not something of fantasy or a far-fetched thought, but something that had been the desire of Israel for centuries; the desire for Yahweh, the defender of the weak, the oppressed and the afflicted to answer prayers of deliverance offered by the ani which would liberate them from their oppressors and bring justice, and just rule to a natural realm marred by the presence of injustice. Jesus’ instruction to pray for the coming of the kingdom is a petition that can be found all throughout the Psalter. This essay will outline the psalmist’s petitions of Yahweh, the enthroned King of the cosmos, to deliver and vindicate Israel, bringing vengeance, and judgment on their enemies. It will also explore how much of modern Christianity interprets the very same words of Jesus and show the necessity of these petitions in the church today.
In the New Testament Jesus’s identity as the Jewish messiah who is fully man and fully God is revealed. This notion of the God-man identity is logically supported by the argument called the Trilemma. The concept of Salvation History signifies that Jesus is the fulfillment of the New Testament promises and more importantly covenants. Subsequently, typology is the interpretation of the Old Testament in the light of the New Testament with accordance with Jesus’s identity as the God-man. For example, God revealed more knowledge to us through the stages of revelation. In these stages God used words and deed to give us a fuller revelation. In the preparation stage God essentially prepared for the coming of Jesus. This foreshadowing of Jesus took place in many parts of the Old Testament.
Before the gospels and Pauline epistles, early church Christians related to the Old Testament as Scripture and viewed their Christian walk as the fulfillment of the promises made to Israel from the Old Testament, which foretold of the coming age of the Messiah. The first New Testament Christians understood the importance of the Old Testament; it was their “Bible” they preached from. Just as in the early church, Christians today need the Old Testament for preaching and in which to reference and understand Christ’s purpose for why he came.