Herman Goldstein originally announced the policing method, Problem-Oriented Policing or POP in 1979 (Braga, 2010). The topic of Problem-Oriented Policing has been a very controversial debated throughout the years and whether or not the approach had a positive effect on policing and crime prevention. I personally think its beneficial to stay on a positive tract to approaching crime in different ways, but also advance theory’s of methods of policing and crime
Many policing agencies have found this approach to be helpful. Agencies that were involved noted that specific community concerns had been addressed, overall reductions in crime had occurred, or community members had become less fearful as a result of the police interventions. Relevant problems will normally surface as issues brought to the attention of the police.
Community policing is explained as a collaboration of community and the police working together to help identify and solve criminal activities. Additionally, the whole concept behind it is to promote public safety and to enhance the quality of life within the neighborhoods in which we reside in. Community policing is composed of two major components which are community partnership and problem solving. Community policing is a program that was initially started in the 1940’s. All of the support that was released for this program was materialized actually in the 1980’s. One of the main goals if not the most important goal was to bring in the law enforcement closer to their local public to help
The basic premise is to create a relationship between the police and the community. Some aspects to the community policing approach are empowering residents to share responsibility and authority for the quality of life in the neighborhood and applying problem-solving approaches. Services to the public
Problem-oriented policing presents an alternative approach to policing that has gained attention in recent years among many police agencies. Problem-oriented policing grew out of twenty years of research into police practices, and differs from traditional policing strategies in four significant ways.
Problem oriented policing is described as a policing strategy that involves the identification and analysis of specific crime and disorder problems, to develop effective response strategies.
In their study, Wilson and Kelling projected that “police departments change their focus. Instead of channeling most resources into solving major crimes, they should instead try to clean up the streets and maintain order such as keeping people from smoking pot in public and cracking down on subway fare beater. Secondly, the police officers need to be more proactive in preventing crime. The police officers need to get out and do the hard work of foot patrolling and community policing” (Kelling& Wilson,1982). However, the broken windows style of policing only affected the minority and poor residents of the area because law enforcements ordering residents to repair the broken windows, graffiti artists were ordered to scrub the walls clean of those buildings, and drunks where kick of the street without given no help.
The department set their focus on these community issues to be addressed vigorously by the department for a period of 90 days to lower the specific crime rate of the community issues being addressed by both the local community members and the law enforcement department. The Department was also able to evaluate the productivity of not only itself for its employees as well by allowing the supervisors to monitor the staff and department activity more efficiently (Calgues,
The strengths of Problem Oriented Policing are that it encourages Police Officers to work closely with the community to achieve the goals of the community. POP has over two decades of documented success in reducing crime rates in particular areas. One area in particular is Boston. The Police Officers utilizing the Problem Oriented
Reactive patrols and proactive patrols are mainstays of American police agencies. Reactive patrols provide the required rapid law enforcement response to citizen requests for assistance and other emergencies. Meanwhile, proactive patrols provide the necessary planning and allocation of police resources to effectively respond to specific, ongoing problems such as "white collar crime" and the "victimless crimes" of drug transactions behind closed doors. Careful examinations of each patrol type and the effects of using exclusively reactive patrols or exclusively proactive patrols show that a balanced approach using both types of patrols gives the best law enforcement response to the needs of the community.
Two policing strategies will be used to help in the reduction of domestic assaults in the local area. They are problem-oriented policing in collaboration with third party policing. Problem-oriented policing hinges upon a systematic approach which identifies issues and yields ethical and suitable responses using a concept called the SARA model, SARA standing for Scanning, Analysis, Response and Assessment (Rogers, 2010). This strategy is a framework that integrates solutions to complex issues therefore allowing police to have an action that advances greater analysis, perception and reactions to a crime or disorder (Drew & Prenzler, 2015). Third party policing involves an alliance between police and third parties such as local governments, business
Being a police officer in general is difficult in this day and age, any slight amount of support would benefit greatly. Proactive policing strategies is exactly the type of assistance that law enforcement need. Proactive policing is a practice in place in order to help deter criminal activity. This is done by showing a police presence in communities preventing a crime from take place, it aids in maintain order, and gives people the sense of safety. Our book, Criminal Justice in America, explains why this type of police work is beneficial “Because they are mainly reactive, the police usually arrive at the scene only after the crime has been committed and the perpetrator has fled” ((Cole et al., 2016. P. 155).
A major point of COP is to collaborate with the community to reduce crime. However, several cases have shown that although the community is more likely to inform the police of their concerns, they are still unlikely to actually participate in the solution. These challenges of COP can still be overcome through a detailed, complete and committed adoption of
al). An eye-opener that called for a serious re-evaluation of the current service became evident in a review of incoming calls, “in 1991, 60,000 calls to the police complaint line were abandoned by citizens prior to being answered. Many of these callers, in an attempt to contact the police, then called the 911 emergency line, tying up this emergency system (Griffiths et al., p.241)”. The re-evaluation of the service, lead to necessary changes and improvements being made, which resulted in the EPS adopting the model of community policing in their area.