Power and Discourse Analysis Essay

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Power use is around us whether noticed or not. Power in Discourse Analysis is a medium to achieve an end. The end is for stronger of the two sides of the discourse. Power in discourse analysis is the use of language in a discourse allowing the person who acquires knowledge and high status in the discourse takes control of the discourse thus having the higher power. In the following paragraphs, I will discuss nature of power argued in Discourse Analysis, attempts made to define ‘power’ in social research and discuss the different types of power. First, nature of power argued in Discourse Analysis is related to the nature of language. Using language in life is accompanied by using its power. Different conditions vary the power and the…show more content…
Pragmatics is strictly focused on language as a use of language according to a certain strategy planed by language speaker or writer. Cognitive psychology and Artificial Intelligence analysis on language study is too narrowed. It has no ideological and social implications shaped by human being. How does a computer machine know emotions intended in single word? It can’t. Within discourse analysis, comes a more practical and useful approach which is Conversation analysis. But it is also narrowed. It shows the study of every person in a conversation and each time every person speaks or writes. The moment that a person stops to speak or write again is very important. What he meant before might change at every time he stops. Second, there are many attempts to define ‘power’ in social research. “The description of discourse analysis (henceforth DA) can be viewed as a challenging enterprise, given the variety of approaches that this field encompasses” (Zanón 1-2) so there are more than one definition for discourse analysis. Saussure’s understanding of language is like an abstract before the use of language and the use of it is what he calls “parole”. The variation of language is matters of individual choice but Sociolinguistics argue that the term discourse is socially identified and its variation is socially constructed. Basically as there is power manipulation and domination in society thus discourse
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