Privacy And Freedom From Government Intrusion

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Although people in the United States are entitled to privacy and freedom from government intrusion, there is a limit to that privacy. State or federal police officers are allowed, where justified, to search your premises, car, or other property in order to look for and seize illegal items, stolen goods or evidence of a crime. There are certain rules that the police must follow when engaging in searches and seizures (FindLaw, 2014). Not every search, seizure, or arrest must be made pursuant to a lawfully executed warrant. The Supreme Court has ruled that warrantless police conduct may comply with the Fourth Amendment so long as it is reasonable under the circumstances (FindLaw, 2014). First, this paper explains what the Fourth Amendment of the Bill of Rights means. Second, this paper gives examples of court cases concerning search and seizure of vehicles and the Fourth Amendment. Third, this paper examines the Richmond VA 2nd Precinct Police Departments policies, procedures, and practice of conducting vehicle searches. This paper examines the Richmond, VA 2nd precincts policies for vehicle trunk searches, searches that are conducted after the driver has being arrested, searches on impounded vehicles, searches on abandoned vehicles, and searches of vehicle passenger’s compartments and containers. Of interest will be if their policies and procedures or practice complies with constitutional provisions of search and seizure.
Text of the Bill of Rights (Fourth Amendment)

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