Psychology : Child Development Theories

1094 WordsFeb 9, 20175 Pages
Psychology: Child Development Theories According to Merriam-Webster, psychology is “the study of the human mind and its functions”. With psychology, we are able to understand and predict human behavior and overall understand how we think and process the world around us. In this research paper we will be discussing the most known theories of a specific branch of psychology, child development, then I will explain which theory of all I believe is right and why. Developmental psychology is the scientific study how and why human beings change over the course of their life. We will be discussing the following theories: Developmental Milestone, Cognitive Stages, Psychosocial Stages, and Psychosexual Stages, and Moral stages. Before we dive in we…show more content…
His theory was based on the ideal that children should be raised closer to nature. Treated like animals until 16 and then let them develop into in an adult. This was the first time children would be seen from a developmental point of view. From then on Charles Darwin made great contributions to psychology. 1877 he wrote the “Biographical Sketch of an Infant” based on study he performed on his own child. It was the first English child study and inspired others in England to study children. Lastly came James Mark Baldwin who based his theory on the mental aspect and growth of infants. It became a huge influence to Jean Piaget’s theory of Cognitive Development. Piaget’s Cognitive Stage Theory: This theory tells us how a child constructs a mental model of the world. It is split up into 4 Stages: The Sensorimotor Stage, The Preoperational Stage, The concrete Operational Stage, and The Formal Operational Stage as well as 4 fundamental concepts. The first one is called Schemas. Schemas are categories of knowledge that help us interpret and understand the world around us. The second concept is called Assimilation. Assimilation is the process of taking in new information into our already existing schemas. The third concept is called accommodation which is another part of adaptation which involves changing or altering our existing schemas in light of new information or new experiences. The last concept is called equilibration which is the balance
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