Psychology has been defined by many as the study of mental disorder or behavioral problems but discoveries and developments, points to psychology as the study of human mind and its functionality which includes the way we think, act, perceive things and be able to make decisions; all these makes man a complex being.
Psychology isn’t just a phenomenon; it is a scientific study. Psychology as a science answers the question “why”, proposes a theory and sets experiment to test the hypothesis. The research is geared towards evidence-based strategies to solve problems and improve lives. As a science, it is subdivided into various groups such as clinical psychology, counselling psychology, developmental psychology, climate and environmental …show more content…
This has to do with Nature and Nurture. Nature refers to our DNA inheritance and how it contributes to our existence while Nurture is the influence of the environment on human. We learn through experience and exposure.
One of the prominent theorist of development psychology is Jean Piaget. His theory is called Piaget theory of cognitive development. He proposed that children have cognitive ability which enables them to learn from their environment. He believes that a child develops and acquire knowledge and experience through different stages as he grows; which are sensorimotor, pre-operational, concrete operational and formal operation.
Cognitive development is the study of the mind and brain functions, which makes up our ability to think, perceive, and make decisions. It is also related to other fields like neuroscience, philosophy and linguistic. There is a thin line between cognitive psychology and cognitive science. As earlier defined, cognitive psychology is the study of the mind and its functions. Cognitive science is gathering of information through research. It is the foundation on which all other works are built on. Its involves a non-human experiment, unlike cognitive psychology which involves human participants.
Behavioral psychology also known as Behaviorism, studies our outward behavior. It is based on the fact that behaviors are taught, which can also be measured and changed. Behavioral psychologist believe that behavior is acquired through
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Piaget – Cognitive Development - Observed his own children, plus others to develop his theories. His theory is broad and runs from birth to adolescence and includes concepts of language, scientific reasoning, moral development and memory. Piaget believed that children went
Psychology is defined by Merriam-Webster, as the science of mind and behavior. It is a study of how an individual's psyche can be created, developed, altered or destroyed. Carol Gilligan, a Harvard Graduate School professor, for many years has analyzed the psychological theory and development, specifically in a book entitled In A Different Voice.
Psychology is a term derived from two Greek words that translate to life explanation, which makes it an important element of daily life. The field of psychology can be described as a discipline that focuses on the study of mind and behavior. This discipline is characterized by several concepts and approaches that are used by psychologists in understanding human behavior. Since psychology is a broad field, psychologists not only use these concepts and approaches but also conduct scientific research that enables them to understand human behavior. Some of the most common psychological concepts that are used to modify or change an individual’s behavior include operant conditioning, positive and negative punishment,
Psychology is a discipline that involves monitoring mental processes and behaviour scientifically. Psychologists try to delve into the basic functions of a person and animals cerebral activity. This usually involves studying relationships, emotions, personality and many more areas of a person or animals day to day life. Psychology tends to steer towards finding reasons for a person or animals actions in an attempt to resolve them.
Psychology is the study of the mind and behavior. The supporters embraces the traits of all the human experience from the functions of the brain to the emotions of nations, from the child development to care for the aged. In every possible setting form scientific research centers to all mental healthcare services.
Psychology, according to the textbook definition, is the study of behaviour and mind. However, there is much more to it. Through psychology, we can discover the inner workings of our minds and begin to explain certain phenomena. By studying psychology, people can try to answer questions that have been asked for so long such as: Do we have free will or are we instead driven by environmental, biology, or unconscious influences? What is mental illness and how is it caused and treated? Why do we dream, and, even further, what is the context of our dream and its meaning?? How are our mental states affected by our physical states? By exploring the deep, gruesome areas of our minds,
* Behaviorism: The school of psychology that views observable, measureable behavior and emphasizes the key role of the environment as a determinant of a behavior.
Psychology is the study of the science of the mind and the resulting behaviour. Looking to understand and explain to an extent how we think, act and feel. There are many branches of psychology looking at treatments of mental health issues, studying a variety of issues that may impact our health and daily life’s.
In the future, I ultimately intend to be a psychologist. With being a psychologist, I am taking on the responsibility on how to lead people into having an overall better life and promote positive change for them. Psychologists often specialize in studying and examining the brain and human behavior. That being said, psychology is a very important branch of science that attempts to help us stay sane!
Jean Piaget is considered to be very influential in the field of developmental psychology. Piaget had many influences in his life which ultimately led him to create the Theory of Cognitive Development. His theory has multiple stages and components. The research done in the early 1900’s is still used today in many schools and homes. People from various cultures use his theory when it comes to child development. Although there are criticisms and alternatives to his theory, it is still largely used today around the world.
Developmental psychology is the point of view that occurs in learners over the course of a period of time. The developmental perspective includes theories that are continuous and discontinuous. Discontinuous theories are stage-like. The processes of learning and development involve distinct stages, which are characterized by qualitative differences in behavior. Theorists who use discontinuous theories use a specific beginning and end period for each stage. Continuous theories explain that learning and development generally happen in incremental processes. Learning involves changes throughout the lifespan. “Contemporary views on the nature of cognitive development have been vastly influenced by the work of one man. This was Jean Piaget (1896-1980), once a biologist, who turned his
Psychology is a study of mind and behavior. Psychological research is mostly focused on the relationship between thought, behavior and emotion; how one influences the other and what are the consequences of such interaction. Put simply, psychology is a field associated with the drive to understand the way human mind works. The topic is slightly enigmatic, but at the same time very challenging and complicated. Where representatives of the exact sciences depend on data, facts and figures, psychologists tend to rely on behavior. Seeing that the majority of work done by psychologists is
Smith (2001) defines psychology as the study of the mind. One major subset within the broad study of psychology is popularly known as cognitive psychology. According to Aukrust (2011), cognitive psychology is a branch of psychology that deals with the study of mental processes which includes how people or individuals think, perceive, learn and remember. As a part of the larger cognitive science field, this psychology branch is by means related to other disciplines such as neuroscience, linguistics and philosophy. Processes included in cognition are judging, thinking, remembering, knowing and problem solving.