Psychology : Psychology And Psychology

1519 Words7 Pages
Psychology has been defined by many as the study of mental disorder or behavioral problems but discoveries and developments, points to psychology as the study of human mind and its functionality which includes the way we think, act, perceive things and be able to make decisions; all these makes man a complex being. Psychology isn’t just a phenomenon; it is a scientific study. Psychology as a science answers the question “why”, proposes a theory and sets experiment to test the hypothesis. The research is geared towards evidence-based strategies to solve problems and improve lives. As a science, it is subdivided into various groups such as clinical psychology, counselling psychology, developmental psychology, climate and environmental…show more content…
This has to do with Nature and Nurture. Nature refers to our DNA inheritance and how it contributes to our existence while Nurture is the influence of the environment on human. We learn through experience and exposure. One of the prominent theorist of development psychology is Jean Piaget. His theory is called Piaget theory of cognitive development. He proposed that children have cognitive ability which enables them to learn from their environment. He believes that a child develops and acquire knowledge and experience through different stages as he grows; which are sensorimotor, pre-operational, concrete operational and formal operation. Cognitive development is the study of the mind and brain functions, which makes up our ability to think, perceive, and make decisions. It is also related to other fields like neuroscience, philosophy and linguistic. There is a thin line between cognitive psychology and cognitive science. As earlier defined, cognitive psychology is the study of the mind and its functions. Cognitive science is gathering of information through research. It is the foundation on which all other works are built on. Its involves a non-human experiment, unlike cognitive psychology which involves human participants. Behavioral psychology also known as Behaviorism, studies our outward behavior. It is based on the fact that behaviors are taught, which can also be measured and changed. Behavioral psychologist believe that behavior is acquired through
Open Document