Pulmonary Disease : Pulmonary Fibrosis

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Pulmonary Fibrosis is a condition where the lung tissue becomes thick and scarred, but it is more serious than just thinking you have scarring on your lungs. The thickening and scarring of the lungs makes it hard for the oxygen supply to be delivered throughout the body. This disease can develop slowly or quickly and can stay the same for years. Pulmonary fibrosis occurs in a variety of clinical settings, is a major cause of mortality, and represents an enormous medical need. However, the disease is heterogeneous and the failure to distinguish different types of fibrosing lung diseases can lead to inaccurate treatments. Pulmonary fibrosis occurs in the context of connective tissue diseases that are often characterized by a distinct pattern…show more content…
Little is actually known about how the disease develops. IPF is the most common and most severe form of idiopathic interstitial pneumonia. It is often relentlessly progressive, leading to death from respiratory failure within 2–5 years of diagnosis. Even though the overall prognosis is poor in IPF, it is difficult to predict the rate of progression. Over the last decade, a clinical trial in IPF coupled with the increased utilization of chest scans has led to the identification of patients at earlier stages of the disease process. However, predicting the clinical course in these patients is particularly challenging. The annual percentage of IPF appears to be rising and is estimated at 5–16 per 100,000 individuals. The most common symptom of pulmonary fibrosis is shortness of breath. Some of the mild symptoms are chronic dry hacking cough, fatigue, unexplained weight loss, aching muscles and joints, tiredness, discomfort in chest, and loss of appetite. Due to low oxygen levels, people with pulmonary fibrosis may have clubbing. Clubbing is when the flesh under your fingernails start to thicken causing the finger nail to curve downward. Pulmonary fibrosis isn’t just one disease. It’s like a big umbrella with over two hundred other lungs diseases that are alike. The umbrella of diseases falls into an even larger group of interstitial lung disease. There are many different types of ways you could get pulmonary fibrosis. Some of the causes are autoimmune
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