Question and Answer on Contemporary Social Issues Essay

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1. One of the most significant changes taking place in the past few decades, the one that has had a pronounced effect on millions of families, causing considerable concern, has been the movement of women into the workplace. This change has had momentous effects on women, on children, on men, on marital relations- on families. Since 1970s, according to the demand for low-paying “pink-collar”, women moved into those pink-collar jobs and into other jobs as well. The number of hiring women has steadily increased, so in 1960, 32 percent of married women in the labor force. By 1985, this figure had climbed to 54 percent, and in 2005, it stood at 61 percent. Work allows women to become independent, to develop a career, and terminate unsatisfactory …show more content…
This belief presumes the preexistence of equal opportunity, which can be easily refuted. The vast majority of street crimes- both violent and nonviolent- are poor. The values of individualism, competition, and financial success provide powerful motivation to succeed by any mean necessary.
The United Sates is far more willing to incarcerate nonviolent offenders than most other industrialized nations, and it dispenses longer sentences to offenders than do other industrialized nations. The correctional system is growing at such a rapid pace that only in recent years have criminologists and social commentators become concerned with the political power of the correctional industry. Today, there are a number of interests, other than the public interest, that are served by correctional expansion. Many rural areas with depressed economies and high employment rates have benefitted and stand to benefit from prison construction. Furthermore, both governmental institutions and private corporations reap enormous cost saving form prison labor. Thus, there are various interest groups, whose interests are not necessarily in the public interest, that have formed powerful political constituencies with the goal of continuing the incarceration boom. The research on the relationship between incarceration rates and crime rates appears to be irrelevant, however, because prison expansion seems…

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