Race, Class And Gender

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IN WHAT WAYS DO RACE, CLASS AND GENDER SHAPE PRACTICES AND EXPERIENCES IN PRISON? DRAW ON THEORIES AND EXAMPLES/CASE STUDIES TO SUPPORT YOUR CASE.

OVERVIEW
This essay will explore how race, class and gender shapes practices and experiences in prison.

Firstly, a discussion of prison in general is necessary. In other words, what constitutes prisons, its aims and objectives and prison culture (Reeves, 2015). Currently there are 38,845 prisoners in Australia (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2016). We will look at the history of prisons and the modern application of prisons and in conjunction with the ‘critical criminology’ (Hudson, 2002). This serves as a ‘control’ for our later discussion when we discuss race, class and gender.
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Lastly, we will explore whether such experiences in prison constitutes a human rights issue by looking at various legislations, recommendations (Standard Guidelines for Corrections in Australia, 2012), international conventions, and legal cases (Roach v Electoral Commission [2007] CLR 162). We remind readers that prisoners are still “fathers, mothers, brothers, sisters, sons and daughters, grandfathers and grandmothers, husbands and wives, lovers, partners and friends. The fact they are incarcerated for a period of time does not change this fact. Prisoners come from our communities” (Prison Reform International Annual Report, 2007, pp. 12).

THEORETICAL FRAMEWORKS
Critical Criminology: A theoretical perspective which challenges historical and traditional understandings of criminology.
Colonial Patriarchy: The idea that colonialism has consequences to the natives of a nation, and that men are authorities over women.
Feminist Criminology: Essentially argues that patriarchal domination
Intersectionality: Coined by Kimberle Crenshaw, it is used to describe how different social categorisations of oppression intertwine and must be examined together.
Gender Responsiveness: Adopting an approach which is more specific to women and their issues.

CASE STUDIES
Roach v Electoral Commission 2007: Vicki Lee Roach was an Aboriginal woman serving six years in jail who challenged the validity

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