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Racial Bias In Motor Vehicle Search

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In this article of Racial Bias in Motor Vehicle Searches: Theory and Evidence by John Knowles, Nicola Persico and Petra Todd, it says that African- American motorist in the United States are much more likely than white motorists to have their car searched by police checking for illegal drugs and other contraband. The courts are faced with the task of deciding on the basis of traffic-search data whether police behavior reflects a racial bias.
It discusses why a simple test for racial bias commonly applied by the courts is inadequate and developed a model of law enforcement that suggests an alternative test (Knowles et al., 2001). It also goes on to say that even if they could find some sort of evidence of discrimination, they are not informative
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