Using the n-word automatically makes one a racist. That is what most people nowadays think, but, back in the time period of when the novel The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain was written it was nothing but a normality. In said book Huckleberry uses the n-word very often, which lead to the book being banned and people calling out his so called “racism”. Huckleberry is not racist, because he not only cares and shows empathy for his African American friend Jim, he helps free him from slavery, and treats him the same, if not better than any other human. Jim and Huckleberry are together for the majority of the book, but the beginning of it really shows Huck’s initial empathy towards all people, no matter what their skin color is, as demonstrated in this scene. “Well I b’lieve you, Huck. I-I run off” “Jim!” “But mind, you said you wouldn’t tell-you know you said you wouldn’t tell, Huck.” “Well, I did, I said I wouldn’t, and I’ll stick to it. Honest injun, I will. People would call me a low-down Abolitionist and despise me for keeping mum-but that don’t make no difference…” (p. 43). This line shows how Huck was empathetic to Jim’s predicament, and did not just run off to tell the nearest person that he found the missing slave, but kept his promise, even though he knew what doing so would result in. Furthermore, towards the end of the book when the King betrays Huck and Jim, and gives him away to become a slave again, it shows exactly how
In chapter 31, Huck becomes faced with either helping Jim escape, or to abide by slave laws, which “is still a critique of slavery and racism” (Smith 184). Even though Twain used the word nigger, “the novel still presents teachable moments--provoking conversations about slavery, its moral dilemmas for the country, and its historical consequences” (Smith 184). Mark Twain wrote in a way that “enables its American readers to approach the most profoundly troubling issue in their history without risk of being overcome with the fear and guilt that is attached to this subject” (Kaye 14). Twain’s writing style makes this story so understandable that you fail to notice the gap of 132 years between then and now and you realize how similar things are to this
As a runaway slave accompanying a white boy, Jim cannot expect what Huck could do to him; Huck could turn him in or leave him by himself. Jim also had the opportunity to leave Huck, but having all his faith and trust in Huck, Jim decides to stay, hoping Huck was not lost in the fog. After Jim’s lecture, Huck starts to feel guilty, saying, “It made me feel so mean I could almost kissed his feet to get him to take it back”
Less subtle are Huck’s observations of Jim as their relationship progresses. Jim at first is nothing but a source of amusement for Huck, but Huck slowly discovers the real person inside. In Chapter 23, Huck states, “…I do believe that he cared just as much for his people as white folks does for ther’n.” Later, Huck goes even further to say, “I knowed Jim was really white inside.” From Huck, this naïve statement was the highest compliment he could have given Jim, and reiterates the idea that a black man can have true emotions and real feelings, something that was not commonly believed at the
The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, a Mark Twain classic, wonderfully demonstrates pre-Civil War attitudes about blacks held by whites. Twain demonstrates these attitudes through the actions and the speech of Huckleberry Finn, the narrator, and Jim, Miss Watson's slave. These two main characters share a relationship that progresses from an acquaintance to a friendship throughout the novel. It is through this relationship that Mark Twain gives his readers the realization of just how different people's attitudes were before the Civil War. Twain also reveals the negative attitudes of whites toward blacks by the cruel manner in which Jim is treated with such inferiority.
One would doubt that Twain would input the N-word into his book without having a good reason to do so. At the time of writing this book, the Civil War was over and the general thought was that slavery and racism was over. The thought then leads to the fact that Twain wanted to make a point of letting readers know that, just because you have abolished slavery does not mean that the racism and bigotry has gone with it. The repel of slavery made no difference to the racism card, and he wanted his Northern readers to know it.
On Huck and Jim’s journey to Cairo, Jim begins to speak about when he is free he will go and find his children and take them from the slave owner. This rubbed Huck the wrong way; his standards of Jim had been lowered because, from Huck’s point of view, why would Jim steal his children away from a man who has done nothing to him? Huck’s conscience began to come into play and he had made up his mind: He was going to turn Jim in when they reach shore. He was sure of it until Jim began to sweet talk Huck, telling him that Huck was the only white man that had ever kept a promise to him. This comment went directly to Huck’s heart; he could not possibly
The two men live a dangerous life that any moment, they could be captured, especially Jim. One of the many times that Huck could have told on Jim, was when some men approached him looking for five black men run off that night. Instead of letting the men know that he have one black man with him, Huck told them that it is a white man with him. Despite saying that, the men still want to make sure. So, Huck has to make excuses as to not let
Furthermore, Huck internally criticizes Jim’s talk about “saying he would steal his children—children that belonged to a man I didn’t even know; a man that hadn’t ever done me no harm,” and states that it was a “lowering of him” (16). Huck’s lack of moral development epitomizes here, as he criticizes a “n*****” for his utopian vision of a peaceful life with his family. Huck’s conscience starts to attack him in this moment as he no longer thinks about Jim as his friend and starts to acknowledge that, in reality, he’s a black person. Although it appears that Huck is moral since he helped Jim escape, Huck doesn’t disapprove of the institution of slavery; he only helped Jim because he values their friendship. This is further exemplified when Huck makes the decision to take the canoe and go tell on Jim, though he tells Jim that he will go and check if they’re in Cairo. Twain juxtaposes Jim’s two possible futures, one of freedom, and the other of enslavement, to show the influence Huck’s choice will have. When Jim calls out “‘Jim won’t ever forgit you, Huck;
The most obvious piece of evidence towards proving Mark Twain’s novel racist is his use of the “n” word. The word is used more then 200 times in the novel and the way it is used makes it look like
In the beginning of the novel, Huckleberry doesn’t see slaves as equals he just views them as slaves until he starts to view Jim in a different light and sees him as an equal and a friend. Huck gets to know Jim personally and realizes that Jim has a family and people that he cares about who he was taken away from because of slavery and societies beliefs. This development is shown in chapter thirty-one when Huck realizes how much Jim means to him, “...and such-like time; and would always call me honey, and pet me, and do everything he could think of for me, and how good he always was…” (Twain 206). Huckleberry remembers all of the good things that Jim has done for him while they’ve traveled together and he realizes what Jim means to him. Furthermore showing how Huck’s views have changed from just seeing Jim as another slave to seeing him as his friend and someone he cares for and wants to help. When Huck’s views on Jim change it shows that people really can
The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is an important novel that shows how the two worlds of Huck and Jim collide to bring out the problems of racism and slavery before the Civil War. Huck is depicted to be a young boy who is oblivious to the outside world, and Jim a slave with a big heart who looked at the world in a different perspective. Throughout the journey together, Huck and Jim’s relationship was shaken by the cold reality of racism and slavery, thus opening Huck's eyes to the world around him, where Jim and Huck grow as individuals but also creating a new foundation for their friendship.As Huck and Jim embark on an adventure together to run away from there lives, Huck noticed to see Jim as a person then property.
Huck begins to write this letter to Miss Watson to tell her where Jim is even if it means Jim is back to being her slave and Huck will be stuck with this widow again but he realizes Jim is gonna be sold either way so he rips up the letter. Huck says he is going to “Hell” because instead of writing her he is just going to help Jim escape slavery which goes against society but he’s following his heart and what he believes is right. Huck learns a lesson about following your heart if you if it is the right thing which teaches the readers the same lesson.
In Mark Twain’s The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Twain presents the problem of slavery in America in the 19th Century. Twain poses this problem in the form of a character named Huckleberry Finn, a white boy raised in the antebellum South. Huck starts to question his view regarding slavery when he acquaints himself more intimately with a runaway slave while he himself tries to run away. Huck’s development as a character is affected by society’s influence on his experiences while growing up in the South, running away with Jim, and trying to save Jim. Although Huck decides to free Jim, Huck’s deformed conscience convinces him that he is doing the wrong thing.
The heart of the story begins when Huck meets up with the escaped slave Jim. Huck’s first step to overcoming society’s prejudice and racism occurs when he meets Jim on the island. "I was ever so glad to see Jim. I warn’t lonesome, now" (Twain 36). From this point forward, Jim is not a just a slave to Huck. He is a partner.
Despite an ardent view on slavery evident through interactions with Jim, Huck’s slowly shifting view of Jim from that of ignorance to seeming acceptance expresses his ability to stray from flawed societal values to his own developed moral code of conduct. This becomes evident when Huck protects Jim from men who board his raft, by hinting he has smallpox. Although one can see this as compassion for Jim, Huck questions with racist undertones, “s’pose you done right and give Jim up; would you felt better than you do now? No, says I, I’d feel bad” (Twain 127). However, he later affirms himself to “do whatever come handiest at the time.” (Twain 127). At this point, society still influences Huck, but his statement marks his decision to detach from societal values, and eventually allows him to form his own views on Jim. This comes slowly, as Huck cannot shake free from racism.