Reactive Attachment Disorder Of Children

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Reactive Attachment Disorder in Children
Introduction to the Diagnosis
According to Bowlby, the founder of attachment theory, a dependable, safe, and caring relationship with a primary caregiver is vital to an infant’s psychological health (Bowlby, 1951). In particular, children lacking a secure attachment with their primary caregivers are at risk of developing emotional and behavioral issues (Blakely & Dziadosz, 2015). Unfortunately, the human bonds normally formed in infancy are fractured in neglected and abused children suffering from RAD (Shi, 2014). As a result, these children become withdrawn, distrustful, and fearful of the world (Shi, 2014).
RAD is located under Trauma and Stressor-Related Disorders in the Diagnostic and
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Notably, one quarter of children living in the United States will suffer from neglect and/or abuse during their lifetime (CDC, 2016). As a consequence, the welfare system places at risk children in foster homes, group homes, and institutions (Department of Health and Human Services (US Department of Health and Human Services Administration for Children Youth and Families, 2015). According to the Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System (AFCARS), in 2014, over 400,000 children were placed into foster care with over 100,000 were waiting to be adopted (US Department of Health and Human Services Administration for Children Youth and Families, 2015). The majority of children in foster care are White (42%), the second highest are Blacks (24%) and third are Hispanics (22%) (US Department of Health and Human Services Administration for Children Youth and Families, 2015). Also, 52% are male and 48% are female (US Department of Health and Human Services Administration for Children Youth and Families, 2015). Most children, 46%, were placed in a non-relative home and 29% with a relative (US Department of Health and Human Services Administration for Children Youth and Families, 2015). Additionally, 6% were sheltered in a group home and 8% in an institution (US Department of Health and Human
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