Reconstruction And Failure Of Reconstruction

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As the bloody Civil War drew to a close, the United States, led by Abraham Lincoln, legislated a series of changes aimed to revolutionize and reform the country. In 1865, the Thirteenth Amendment was added to the Constitution, abolishing slavery and marking start of the Reconstruction Era. Emancipation was a major step towards equality for Freedmen where they finally felt empowered to defend their rights and new status. Congress continued to pass legislation after legislation to secure the rights of African Americans but lack of support of these Acts and Amendments caused them to fall short of their expected impacts due to the hesitance of a blundering President Johnson. Ultimately, despite the psychological changes in blacks’ mindsets and the equality and freedom of Freedmen under the law, the Reconstruction and Civil War failed to usher in a new birth of freedom. Through the numerous bills and amendments legislated to further the freedom and equality of blacks, the Reconstruction seemed to have made great strides in civil rights. The Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments, passed in 1868 and 1870 respectively, granted African Americans citizenship, and forbade any state to deny the right to vote on the grounds of race, color, or previous condition of servitude. The Civil Rights Act of 1875 prohibited racial discrimination in all public spaces and juries. In 1865, the Freedmen’s Bureau was established in order to aid

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