Refutation Of Islam Being Born A Religion Of Violence .

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Refutation of Islam being born a Religion of Violence
There are those in the world that maintain that Islam is a religion born of violence, but many scholars, including Timothy Rowe and William T. Cavanaugh, maintain that Islam was not a religion born of violence but a religion that was born into a violent culture (Rowe 2015, Cavanaugh 2013). This thesis by both scholars allows for an interpretation of Islam that looks not only at the actions of today, but also at the historical foundations of Islam from its birth in 610 CE, when Mohammad received his first revelation in a cave on Mount Hira, near the city of Mecca, in what is now Saudi Arabia (Omar 2003). There is evidence to support this view in many of the Holy Scriptures and texts of
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The visitations from Gabriel which would continue for twenty years (Omar 2003). However, Muhammed’s revelations were not well received by local Meccans, and after early persecutions in Mecca in 622 CE Muhammed left with his wife, Khadija, and his Uncle, Abu Talib, to travel to Medina, then known as Yathrib, where Muhammed would find success establishing the new religion (Cleveland and Bunton 1986, Miqdad 2015). This event was called the Hijra, and marked the beginning of the Muslin calendar. By 629 CE Muhammed had converted Medina to Islam, and he had begun to amass a personal army to take on Mecca. While Muhammed’s attack may be viewed as violent, especially with the creation of a large army, his true purpose may be seen with The Treaty of Hudaybiyyah, which was a peace treaty signed by Mecca and Medina in 628 CE (Omar 2003). The Treaty of Hudaybiyyah was broken by the Meccan tribe of the Quraysh, who had persecuted and murdered Muslims in cold blood (Miqdad 2015). However, the city of Mecca fell to Muhammed’s forces without bloodshed in 629 CE, which can be attributed to Muhammed’s urgings of nonviolence towards the people of Mecca. In Muhammed’s words after the fighting, he mentioned that “The Just war is always evil, but sometime you have to fight in order to avoid the kind of persecution that Mekkah [Mecca] inflicted on Muslims (Miqdad 2015).” The statement “The Just war is always
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