Religion and Morality

Decent Essays
(i)Examine the views of scholars concerning the idea that religion and morality are linked. In this essay I am going to be looking at all the different view points on why some people may think religion and morality are linked. I will talk about a few things that link them such as conscience, divine command ethics, Kant 's view and Aquinas ' view. Many people believe that morality is based upon religion and the rules written in the Bible and other holy books, although some say that religion is completely opposed to morality and it is wrong to mix the two.

Some scholars believe there are three views on the relationship between religion and morality, one of them being that morality depends on religion.
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Moral opinions are judged against religious teachings.
Even secular society adopts or is influenced by religious moral teachings, for example, it seeks guidance from religious leaders in moral matters such as genetic engineering/abortion.

In conclusion the strongest view to me is Social Conditioning, in which morality is independent of religion. I believe that peoples morality comes from the environment that they are brought up in, and the people around them such as parents and teachers. From a very young age we are taught what is right and wrong, and grow up respecting the law and people around us more than God.

(ii)Comment on the view that religion and morality are not linked. Euthyphro 's Dilemma was that the problem of whether something is good because God commands it, or does God command that which is good. 'Do that God 's love that which is holy, or is it holy because it is loved by the God 's ' – Plato.
Almost all Christians will say something is good because God says so, his commands must be obeyed. A Christian 's dilemma is that either good is a whim or good is something that dictates to God. So if a Christian interprets that it is God 's will to murder, they think they are justified because it is God 's choice.

A.C Grayling believes that religious morality is irrelevant to modern society because what people value has changed. He thinks that modern morality includes a great concern for human rights, animal
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