Essay about Religious Conquest of the Americas

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Before Columbus landed in the West Indies in 1492, The Spanish Inquisition made it known to anyone within Spain’s domain of influence that if a person was not of the Catholic religion, they were to be punished severely and sometimes even fatally. This influence would undoubtedly be brought over to the Americas a century later, as the colonization of the New World would begin by then. While it was very essential for the Spanish (as well as the Portuguese) to improve their economy by using the resources they found in Latin America, it seemed to a number of them as if that was the only reason for being there, or the main reason at the very least. During the Spanish Inquisition and from that point after, it was the Pope’s main goal, to …show more content…
Analysis of their works can determine not only the reality of the treatment of slaves, but also who made the stronger argument. Pope Paul III also makes a case in this argument.
In the second conflict, we see the Jesuits, a religious order recently created fight for the rights of the Guaraní in the film The Mission. The film shows it viewers how this religious order worked in the New World along with the Portuguese and the Spanish, both of whom had almost opposite agendas from the Jesuits. In Memory of Fire, readers see Galeano’s take on this major conflict with both sides being addressed. Ultimately the expulsion of the Jesuits ordered by King Charles III might show just how and why this era of Religious Conquest in the New World ended.
In his treatise as well as Cruelties of Spaniards, Bartolomé Las Casas supported the Native Americans by explaining that they were just as human as the Spaniards were. He states in his treatise that “…it is unlikely that anyone will resist the preaching of the gospel and the Christian doctrine.” Because he has been in the New World, he has seen the acceptance of Catholicism from the Natives, unlike the crown whom have never seen such cooperation. He continues by taking shots at the Spaniard colonists who fought with the Natives, even though their kings “have prohibited wars against the Indians of the Indies…” It’s rather confusing to find out where Las Casas
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