The Dangerous Consequences of Possession in J.R.R. Tolkien’s The Hobbit and “Farmer Giles of Ham”
Punishment is a type of consequence that decreases the probability of certain actions or behaviors from happening out of an aversive stimulus. An aversive stimulus is a negative stimulus that suppresses the negative behavior and increases the positive behavior a person should follow to avoid or escape it. Philosopher Plato’s “The Ring of Gyges” presents the concept of a ring or power that allows one to avoid any consequences by maintaining their secrecy, self-guarding from authorities and total evasion of any wrongdoings. Internet users do not wear the “Ring of Gyges” because he or she maintains no anonymity, authorities carry the ability to track down any offenders, and leaving behind permanent evidence on the Internet contradicts the power of evasion through the use of the ring.
Before comparing the actual stories of The Aeneid and The Iliad, one must consider the remarkable success that the two respective stories have received since their origins in ancient Greece and Rome. Homer, author of The Iliad and its famous counterpart The Odyssey, is a legendary figure in history. Some question his actual existence and prefer to regard his two most famous works as stories of oral tradition that were constructed and refined with thousands of retellings by numerous poets over time. Others see Homer as a real man who entertained guests with his witty, complex stories and later had scribes write down his famous words. It will be assumed throughout this paper that Homer did exist for the sake of simplicity. On the other hand,
The Hobbit is a classic example of a fool’s errand written as a children’s tale. Thirteen dwarves, a hobbit, and a wizard journey across Middle Earth to face a centuries-old dragon that decades earlier obliterated the combined armies of the dwarves. And yet, against all odds, this pack of misfits succeeds in their quest, reclaiming Erebor, killing the dragon, and renewing the line of Durin. The Hobbit is moralistic in nature; it never intends to showcase the literal triumph of the heroes over the dragon, but rather the victory of one set of values over another. The dwarves’ companionship, sacrifice, and heroism defeat the dragon’s antagonistic, materialist, and isolated nature. Many tales throughout the ages echo this classic theme: love
A hero’s journey - books that have addicted readers of all ages from the beginning of time. Yet as time has progressed, both the writers’ and the readers’ concepts of a hero, and their journey has changed. In this case, ‘The Odyssey’ - an ancient Greek classic - will be compared with a modern-age classic - The Hobbit. These two hero’s journey novels, with Odysseus of Ithaca as the ancient Greek hero, and Bilbo Baggins as the contemporary hero, will present how time has affected the hero and their journey. Albeit Bilbo Baggins and Odysseus of Ithaca both possess all the steps of the Hero’s Journey, Bilbo Baggins reflects a lesser recognizable hero as he does not have certain basic characteristics of a hero, moreover, during his entire journey,
In the Republic, Plato uses reason to model the ultimate form of civilization where everyone achieves his/her human potential. This should not be confused with individual equality, for Plato sees a harmonious and virtuous community where citizens are under a hierarchy and working together for the greater good of the state. The question, however, remains: How does one achieve Plato’s ideal state when there is evil and deception in the world? In answering this question, Plato puts forth two arguments: an allegory to describe the complexities and necessities of reality, and a royal lie to carry out the ideal form of civilization. In this paper, I argue Plato’s Allegory of the Cave justifies the need for a royal lie found in
This essay attempts to investigate the extent of how similarities and differences between the modern and classical interpretations of ancient Greek mythology reflects popular culture at the time of their creation. These differences arise with the development of new technology, trends, as well as changes in popular culture and opinion. The example of modern Greek mythology interpretation is provided by the 2010 film, ‘Percy Jackson and the Lightning Thief’, directed by Chris Columbus, while primary sources, including images and quotations for Greek mythology from a variety of ancient Greek writers, are provided by the website www.theoi.com, a well-reputed reference guide to Greek mythology. This website is created by Aaron J. Atsma
The portrayal of Gods in Homer’s “The Iliad” and the ancient Sumerian poem “The Epic of Gilgamesh” has many parallels and divergences in regard to their interactions and relations with human beings. Although there is a difference of nearly 1000 years between the release of both of the epic poems, a firm analogy can be established between these works. The Gods in “The Epic of Gilgamesh” are portrayed as more inconclusive and detached from humans while the Gods of “The Iliad” are shown as decisive and intimate with human affairs.
In Plato’s The Republic, Plato uses a central story, the myth of the three metals, to illustrate his ideas as a whole. The myth of the three metals is based off of the story that Mother Nature invented all human beings and created these human beings by utilizing different metals. The three metals utilized were gold, silver, iron or bronze. From these metals, each person was born into the role they would presume in society. Gold represents the guardians, who are governed by reason, making them suitable to rule. Silver depicts the auxiliaries, who are guided by spirit, predisposing them to be guards. The final metals are iron or bronze, which share the same traits. Iron or bronze displays the farmers and other craftsmen, who are led by their appetites, creating the physical laborers in the society. Plato believes that the myth of three metals will create the perfectly ideal society, that also allows people to realize what being just means. Work on thesis statement
When most people think of J.R.R. Tolkien, they often think of his great imagination and his world of great dragons, warriors, orcs, hobbits, wizards, dwarves and elves. But most people forget about the deeper meaning behind his stories and his controversy towards society. Tolkien was a British, fantasy, writer during the mid-1900s. Through his love of languages, religion, and country, J.R.R Tolkien’s works of The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings are controversial but masterpieces because Tolkien represents “good” as a fuller, more imaginative reality than evil.
Illogical as it is, Lord of the Rings greatly relates to society as it is today. It really shows through the views of logos, ethos, and pathos, especially when you examine and explore the movie’s genre reflection on modern culture and society.
The ring makes him invisible, but he doesn’t know that yet. He then comes across a little shriveled up hobbit named Gollum. He knows the way out of the cave so he made a bet with Bilbo. If you can beat me in a game of riddles I will show you the way out, but if I win I get to eat you. Bilbo bravely accepts his challenge. Bilbo then wins the challenge by pure luck. “What have I got in my pocket?” (Tolkein, 78) That was his last riddle that Gollum didn’t get. Gollum gets mad and thinks Bilbo is trying to trick him. He then puts on the ring. Gollum then goes to the exit of the cave unknowingly followed by Bilbo. Bilbo then jumps over Gollum and out the door. He was very brave to face Gollum.
Greco-Roman mythology is rich in names, characters, and events. Dozens of gods, goddesses, and mortal women and men participate in a variety of activities that reflect or exemplify behaviors and power relations in Greek and Roman societies. A wealth of literature was written about the relationships between mortals and immortals in Greco-Roman mythology. Much was written and said about the place humans occupy in the complex mythical hierarchies. However, the role and place of women remain the topic of the hot literary debate. In Greco-Roman mythology, the image of woman is always
In today’s society, many humans define themselves by various means. How others perceive them, personality traits, profession, and tangible assets often define individuals. Others use intangible characteristics and their believe system in God or a god/gods. As we age and experience life, many people change the way they define themselves. Throughout the “Epic of Gilgamesh”, “Oedipus the King”, “The Odyssey”, and “Beowulf”, the readers notice how society defines each main character by their heroic characteristics, the relationship between the humans and the divine, and the differences of how each hero’s journey ends.
Regardless of the time frame, Virgil’s Aeneid and Homer’s epic the Iliad share both a copious amount of similarities and differences. For example, many common themes such as heroism, fate, and destiny are apparent in both works. Within the Aeneid and the Iliad, it is seen that the wars going on during that time were glorious that is why the role of gods were significant in leading both Aeneas and Achilles and influencing fate. In both texts, it is clear from the beginning that the role of the gods is to make Aeneas and Achilles fulfill their journey The Iliad focuses on the end of the Trojan War and the damaging power, while the Aeneid is focused during the aftermath of the war and underlies the foundation for the new civilization. This paper will address and argue the comparison of the role of gods and how each of the authors representation of the gods have influence on the lives of mortals.