The play Macbeth written by William Shakespeare is based upon old Scotland and this is used as the general time frame. During this time, Monarchy still existed and Scotland is in war with Whales. There are many emotions that arise throughout the play, but the most important of all is ambition. “Ambition is the desire for personal achievement. Ambitious persons seek to be the best at what they choose to do for attainment, power, or superiority” (“Ambition”). The motif of ambition in the play is that being ambitious leaves one blind to certain areas and can drive one insane to reach the intended goal. Numerous characters that showed this trait throughout the play were Banquo, Macduff, Lady Macbeth, and Macbeth.
Banquo was a noble warrior …show more content…
Later in the story, Macbeth does in fact gave Banquo killed and attempts to kill his lineage in fear that Banquo's line will take his throne.
Macduff's ambition in this play was to be loyal to his country by taking out Macbeth. Too much of his time is spent plotting against Macbeth, which throws off Macduff’s values. He abandons his family and left for England to find Malcolm so he could wage war against Macbeth. Later, Macbeth hears that the recent absence of Macduff at the banquet and at Duncan’s funeral was because he had fled to England, to find Malcolm. So Macbeth reacts to this by sending murderers to kill Macduff's family. Once Macduff finds out that his family is dead, he starts to exhibit some emotion. At this time he is about to wage war on Macbeth with Malcolm; Malcolm say's to Macduff "Dispute it like a man"(4.3.259). Macduff then replies,
I shall do so;
But I must also feel as a man.
I cannot but remember such things were
That were most precious to me. Did heaven look on
And would not take their part? Sinful Macduff,
They were all struck for thee! Naught that I am,
Not for their own demerits, but for mine,
Feel slaughter on their souls. Heaven rest them now. (4.3.260-7)
At this point, Macduff realizes that his mistake of leaving his family in Scotland will cause him a life of pain. Ambition is what ultimately caused this because without the ambition to kill Macbeth then he would of never left his family.
Lady Macbeth's ambition
Before Macbeth meets with Macduff, he thinks of ways to handle Macduff so he would no longer be a problem. Macduff was considered to be a problem because he left the kingdom in order to assist an opposing force. Macbeth states “Then live, Macduff: what need I fear of thee? But yet I’ll make assurance double sure, and take a bond of fate.” (Act IV scn i, ln 82-84) He wants to make sure Macduff will not be a problem; he wants to keep Macduff out of his way. In this scene Macbeth is attempting to discover ways to inforce his superiority through the phrase “The castle of Macduff I will surprise; seize upon Fife; give to th’ edge o’ th’ sword his wife, his babies, and all unfortunate souls.” (Act IV scn i, ln 150-152) He hired men to kill Macduff’s family, so he will be depressed and will grieve; he wants to keep Macduff out of the way of him still being King. The main reason he did this, however, was to exert his leadership over Macduff and send a message. This paragraph explains how Macbeth was disloyal to Macduff and how he did anything to keep Macduff out of his way, but things did not turn out as he
While Macduff is in England, Macbeth learns of the abandonment of Macduff's family and resolves to have them murdered. When Macduff learns of the murder of his family, he is motivated by Malcolm to get revenge. It is this that pushes Macduff to the edge and forces him to go after Macbeth himself. The power of Malcolm's taunting that he must take it like a man and his own love for his family makes him hate Macbeth to the fullest extent, and eventually he succeeds in killing him.
It is obvious that Macbeth has ambition, as most people who are in power do. In fact, ambition is often a necessary quality of people in such high standing as Macbeth is. However, Macbeth’s ambition does not just drive him to do great things. It in fact controls him
Macduff is also a character that deals with guilt. He is guilty of leaving his entire family behind in Scotland which is eventually why they are killed. He uses this guilt to drive him to bring Macbeth down. If Macduff would have thought to bring his wife and children they wouldn't have died. This shows that every action has consequences and those consequences must be taken into consideration.
Macduff is motivated by his patriotism, and his love for his country. He is a flat main character, whereas he has no major changes throughout the play. He fights for what he believes and his actions have effects on the other characters. Though he did not suspect Macbeth as to being a traitor and killing Duncan, he did not think that he was fit to rule the state. His actual anger to Macbeth came with the slaughter of his family. It serves as more motivation for him, and without it Macbeth may have lived through the final battle. Throughout the play you see that Macduff has always been the foil to Macbeth, causing the worry in him that overthrew his rule, and that Macduff is the hero that Scotland
Macduff’s burning desire for revenge towards Macbeth was encouraged by many forces. As it is known, Macbeth murders Duncan which causes Malcolm to flee to England because he fears for his life. Following Duncan’s death, Macduff was the first to discover Duncan dead, and it can be inferred that he was so angry and mortified that it sparks apprehensiveness towards Macbeth’s acquiring the throne. As he realizes that he does not agree with Macbeth’s reign, he decides to leave his family behind in Fife to go to England to find Malcolm, the true heir to the throne. His plan is to conspire with Malcolm to build an army against Macbeth. Macduff was so loyal to Scotland and the true ruler that he was willing to abandon his family in the process of freeing Scotland from tyranny. As he meets with Malcolm, Ross delivers the news that
Macduff's only ambition is to kill Macbeth, the man who has murdered his wife and children. He has no interest in personal gain and is the first character in the play to understand that Fortune rules you, you don't rule Fortune. This is a certain indicator that he'll be the one to take down the tyrant, who is always challenging
His courage and emotions showed as he hunted for fearsome Macbeth on the battlefield, “Tyrant, show thy face! If thou beest slain, and with no stroke of mine, My wife and children’s ghosts will haunt me still. I cannot strike at wretched kerns, whose arms Are hired to bear their staves. Either thou, Macbeth, Or else my sword with an unbattered edge I sheathe again undeeded.” (5.7.15-20) If anyone other than Macduff killed Macbeth, Macduff’s family’s ghosts would haunt him forever. He would rather not fight the hired soldiers. Either he would use his sword in fighting Macbeth or not use it at all. In this battle, Macduff is not only seeking revenge on Macbeth for the murder of Macduff’s family and King Duncan, but also saving his country from a tyrant. Was Macduff’s motivation purely revenge for his family’s murder or also the good of his countrymen or both? He does succeed in decapitating Macbeth and bringing “the usurper’s cursèd head” to Malcolm, the legitimate heir of Scotland. Although courageous in the battle against Macbeth, Macduff’s actions overall didn’t rise to the extraordinary level and he embodied human virtues such as love for his country and family, and and human flaws such as poor judgement in exposing his family to the evil of
Banquo’s ambition is unlike Macbeths and Lady Macbeths, his ambition does not drive him to kill. His ambition is he wants his son to become king, and he wants his son’s son to become king and so on. He does not quite know how to make his ambition successful but he knows that it is not worth killing for. Macbeth becomes jealous of Banquo’s ambition and Macbeths ambition drives him tell people to kill Banquo.
The Tragedy of Macbeth by William Shakespeare recounts Macbeth's meteoric rise as a soldier and promising future leader whose megalomaniacal ambition led to his tragic downfall. In addition to Macbeth's ambitions, which initially enable him to be strong leader and soldier, he is influenced heavily by his wife, Lady Macbeth, and the three witches that prophesize his ascent to the throne, as well as warn him of his eventual demise. It can be argued that it is Macbeth's ambition that allows him to succeed in his endeavors, however the goals to which he is working toward influence the results of his hard work. Macbeth's ambitions help him to become a war hero, and as his goals change, his ambitions drive him to become a tyrannical villain.
Macduff heard about the death of his entire castle and became committed to revenge. “But gentle heavens, cut short al intermission: front to front bring thou this fiend of Scotland and myself; within my sword’s length set him; if he ‘scape, heaven forgive him too!” (Shakespeare IV.iii.66) Macbeth received a second set of prophecies that gave him a very large and false confidence. “What’s the boy Malcolm? Was he not born of woman? The spirits that know all mortal consequences have pronounced me thus: `fear not, Macbeth; no man that’s born of woman shall e’er have upon thee.’ Then fly, false thanes, and mingle with the
Desperate, Macduff “ is gone to pray the holy (English)king upon his aid”. Not only is Macduff putting his own life in danger, but he is also leaving his wife and kids very vulnerable. Macduff, however being the patriotic man, chooses to do what is his best for his country and follow his conscience in extension. Although his wife and kids do perished under Macbeth’s reign, Macduff is ultimately awarded by the new title he earns from Malcolm when Macbeth is finally overthrown. This might not cover the loss of his family, but Shakespeare is implying that he and his family will be reunited in heaven. Macduff did in fact follow his conscience in making decisions that are hard costing even the lives of his family, but he is able to continue to lead a peaceful life and be reunited with his family once in heaven while Lady Macbeth, most likely, soul is forever tormented by the scorching flames.
At this point in the story, Macbeth’s conscience is so seared that he believes himself to be beyond repentance: “I am in blood stept in so far, that, should I wade no more, returning were as tedious as go o'er” (73). Macbeth desires to assassinate Macduff because of the warning of an apparition summoned from the witches’ cauldron. Upon receiving the news, Macduff is consumed with rage and declares that he will take his revenge on Macbeth. In the ensuing battle between Macbeth’s forces and the insurgent English army, Macduff confronts Macbeth, emerges victorious, and walks away holding Macbeth’s
For instance, Macduff tells Ross, “No cousin, I will to Fife,” (II, vi, 36-37). He does not go to Macbeth’s crowning of King in Scone, instead he goes to Fife, which begins to make Macbeth suspicious. Moreover, since Macduff was already suspicious of Macbeth’s sudden success and capabilities, he should already know that Macbeth does not hesitate in killing anyone who gets in his way. With that in mind, Macduff is responsible for his wife and son’s murder because he was not aware that Macbeth has eyes everywhere. To add on, Lennox finds out that Macduff has fled to England, and is plotting with the King of England, as well as Malcom to have a war against Macbeth. Lennox tells Macbeth of the news, and Macbeth says “seize upon Fife, give to th’edge...where they are,” (IV, i, l. 158-164), he declares to ruin and kill anything that matters to Macduff. Thus, results in the death of his beloved wife and son. Macduff played a role in the death of his own family, the destruction of his castle, and the war erupting between Scotland and England. However, Macbeth’s decisions resulted in his own downfall as well as the lives of
The blood of Macduff’s family was causing him pain. It is a proof that he has been willing to sacrifice everything, even to hide his pain to reach position and the title that he wanted so much. Finally, he admits that his crimes left scarves on him. As his death is closer he is able to see what he has turned into, a cruel and evil man.There is a connection between Macbeth and the witches,because they awakened his ambition and he deeply believed to them.In the end he was brave ,because they told him that no one born of woman can hurt him.But he didn’t know that Macduff was born by Caesarean section.He realizes that the witches were misleading