Rp-Us Visiting Forces Agreement

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INTRODUCTION The United States and the Republic of the Philippines maintain close ties based upon the U.S.- Philippines Mutual Defense Treaty, the period of U.S. colonization, common strategic and economic interests, and shared democratic values. The United States long maintained sizable naval and air forces bases in the country. Although the Philippine Senate voted against U.S. wishes to close American military installations in 1992, bilateral security cooperation resumed following territorial disputes between the Philippines and China in 1994 and the launching of the Global War on Terrorism in 2002. After 2001, the Philippines received one of the most dramatic increases in U.S. foreign aid in Southeast Asia, largely for…show more content…
This was done as a means to obscure the fact that the US intended to deploy troops in the Philippines with the purpose of launching the second front of the war on terrorism in order to weaken the Al Qaeda network (Simon, 2002). On January 15, 2002, the United States was able to send the first post September 11 set of troops outside of Afghanistan to the Philippines. However, in order for actual warfare to take place, the US had to increase its realm of jurisdiction over the exercises. It was speculated that this had been done through the signing of a treaty between the United States and the Philippines, conducted in secret during President Arroyo’s visit to the United States in November of 2001 (Sarmiento,2001). This agreement, now identified as the Military Logistical Supports Agreement (MLSA), was rumored to be a document that would allow the United States to return as a permanent military presence in the country (The Philippine Star, 2003). Filipino Congresswoman Imee Marcos has called the MLSA a “Trojan horse,” which when combined with the controversial Visiting Forces Agreement of February 1998 would lead to the reintroduction of US troops in the Philippines (Philippine Daily Inquirer,
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