Security and Internaional Regimes

1091 WordsJul 17, 20185 Pages
Question one The concept of security and international regimes in regulating WMDs Introduction This essay argued, after the war on terror, there are several changes in conceptualizing “Security”. Firstly, the concept of security become more complex and paradoxical in nature due to the construction of concepts by the terrorist’s strategy accompanied by globalization, and the unanticipated insecurity caused by the US’s use of military force. Secondly, despite the paradox arisen from the use of military force, a new risk-based regime has developed over the years of war on terror, broadening the notion of risk in the idea of security. Also, this essay argued it is hard to maintain our world from the risk of WMD attacks by relying on…show more content…
For instance, China has engaged in transfers of WMD to either counter the US or strike for strategic and economic interest. Financial reasons are believed to triggering Chinese WMD transfer while some decentralized firms may even have transferred WMD without the permission of the central government. And despite a signatory to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, Missile Technology Control Regime and others, it is remarkable China still provides WMD to other states either directly or routed through a third country. Furthermore, Iran also signed the Biological and Toxic Weapons Convention and the Chemical Weapons Convention in 1997. However, she was reported to work on acquiring chemical and biological weapons, while this attempt can be understood as her strategic interest in the Middle East against enemies like Israel. Also, considering the whole Asia region, it is possible to have accidental wars between WMD possessing enemies, or opportunities of WMD transferring to terrorist, particularly over the years of war on terror. Not excluding the terrorist, possible conflicts between Iran, Iraq and Israel raise concerns due to their ability to process atomic munition, missile launching and preemptive strikes. In addition, international regimes for nuclear assistance might cause risks. According to the research conducted by Brown and Kaplow (2014), the Technical Cooperation (TC)

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