Self-Care Theory And Dorothea Orem's Self Care Deficit Theory

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Nursing is a continually evolving discipline. Nursing theories and conceptual frameworks serve as basis for research, education, and standards of practice. Theory plays a vital role in every nurse’s practice as it aims to define, explain, and predict the phenomenon of nursing. It helps the nursing profession expand its practice, develop research studies, and enhance patient care. This paper will discusses two of the major nursing theorists and their respective works. The paper will focus on Dorothea Orem’s self-care theory and Madeleine Leininger’s theory of culture care diversity and universality. These famous nursing scholars have contributed immensely to the study of nursing and its practice. Dorothea Orem’s Self Care Deficit Theory The theory focuses on the ability of a person to meet his or her own needs. Developed in the year 1970, Orem’s theory focused on the three various concepts, namely self-care, self-care deficit, and the nursing system. Self-care is a group of activities or processes that a person performs to maintain health, life, and wellbeing (Orem, 2001). For instance, self-care is being demonstrated when a chronic heart failure patient checks his or her weight daily, takes prescribes medications, and avoids salty foods. Self-care deficit happens when an individual is not able to provide effective self-care (Orem, 2011). Nurses are able to assist patients in this state by educating them with their disease condition and treatment compliance. A nursing
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