Separate and Unequal: Overcoming Segregation in America

1928 Words Jul 13th, 2018 8 Pages
At the time of the African-American Civil Rights movement, segregation was abundant in all aspects of life. Separation, it seemed, was the new motto for all of America. But change was coming. In order to create a nation of true equality, segregation had to be eradicated throughout all of America. Although most people tend to think that it was only well-known, and popular figureheads such as Martin Luther King Junior or Rosa Parks, who were the sole launchers of the African-American Civil Rights movement, it is the rights and responsibilities involved in the 1954 Brown v. Board of Education decision which have most greatly impacted the world we live in today, based upon how desegregation and busing plans have affected our public school …show more content…
The answer held by the Supreme Court on May 17th, 1954, was: “We unanimously believe that it does (Chief Justice Earl Warren).” This unanimous verdict was based greatly on the results of studies conducted by social scientists, including reports by African-American psychologist Kenneth Bancroft Clark. Regarding the matter, Clark is noted as stating: “It is an ironic and tragic inversion of the purpose of education that Negro children in ghetto schools tend to lose ground in I.Q. as they proceed through the schools and to fall further and further behind the standard for their grade level in academic performance. The schools are presently damaging the children they exist to help……Children who are treated as if they are uneducable almost invariably become uneducable. This is educational atrophy.” In his book Dark Ghetto, Clark went on to point out how racial oppression causes a “disinterest” in education and life, as it fosters feelings of self-doubt and unworthiness that can ultimately lead to questionable employability. While the effort to achieve unanimity in the ruling for Brown v. Board of Education was due to the combined effort of every Justice presiding in the Supreme Court, Chief Justice Earl Warren, who was raised in California, a state that experienced much less
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