Sir I And His Archbishop Of Canterbury William Laud

1649 Words Oct 10th, 2014 7 Pages
In 1637 Charles I and his Archbishop of Canterbury William Laud demanded that the new English Book of Common Prayer be used in Scotland as well as in England. In this move to achieve uniformity between the Scottish and English churches Charles created huge amounts of anxiety and anger in the Scottish people- many of whom were Presbyterian and strongly anti-Catholic. The Scots feared that the Kirk would be Anglicized with Charles and Laud’s Armenian and revolted against this religious policy. The Scottish rebellion can be viewed as sowing the seeds for civil war in England by 1642 by fracturing that delicate and fragile union of the Three Kingdoms created by James I. However, there other factors which must be considered when looking at the causes of the civil war; these include Charles I’s financial policy, his religious policy in England, the Irish problem and finally his personality itself.

The Scottish rebellion had a direct impact on Charles’s reign in England as he was forced to call parliament in April 1640 to raise revenue to pay for an army to suppress the rebellion. This parliament was utilised by his enemy faction containing men such as John Pym to voice their grievances against the King. Parliament’s resentment against Charles was strong due to the fact it had not been called for 11 years, a period known as the ‘Eleven Years Tyranny’ . Although this ‘Short Parliament’ was dismissed within a month, the Scots defeat of the English army and advance into Northern…
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