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Social Issues In Criminal Justice

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brought and tried separately. The terms of the present offense and each enhancement shall run consecutively (3S Law, 2016).
On paper, this law sounds like a solid plan to prevent dangerous criminals from repeating crimes. The issue with this law was the abuse of power that rode on its coattails. The criminal justice system was handing down harsh sentences to non-violent, non-serious offenders, marking them with their second and third strikes. African Americans that are punished under the three strikes law, account for 13 times more than white offenders for similar crimes (Three Strikes Law Disproportionately Affects Blacks, 2004).
When examining the implications of our laws and policies, starting at the educational level, it is easy
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Their chances of being arrested and/or imprisoned at the juvenile or adult level are six times higher, per Chesney-Lind, when they also have a mother that is incarcerated. This is because 75% of African American kids with an incarcerated mother, also have an incarcerated father (as cited in Hattery & Smith, p. 138, 2014).
The typical age group of African American men being incarcerated is 18-34, per Hattery & Smith (2012). These men are being removed from their communities during prime courting years, which makes them unavailable for marriage (as cited in Hattery & Smith, p. 139, 2014), and very often leaving behind children with unwed mothers.
For those men that did have the chance to marry before they were incarcerated, their fate is not always sealed. Although, out of all the ethnic groups African American’s have the lowest marital rates, they are not to be excluded from high divorce rates (Hattery & Smith, 2014). A symptom of incarceration is often a ruptured marriage. This leads to a surplus of single mothers raising children in poverty in African American communities. A harrowing 75% of African American children are being born into single mother households, and of that percentage 40% of these families are living in poverty (Hattery &Smith, 2014).
Another issue in sustaining relationships with incarcerated African American men, is the presence of intimate partner violence (IPV) (Hattery
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