Special People/Special Needs

2110 WordsAug 24, 20109 Pages
University of Phoenix Cultural Diversity BSHS 421 Special People/Special Needs Mental illness is a special need within itself; couple that with being a minority, specifically an African American, and the problem increases. The following paper will display examples and data portraying the difficulty that African Americans face when seeking mental health services, particularly for schizophrenia. Also included will be assessment techniques, intervention strategies and treatment planning. According to the NAMI Multicultural Action Center (Medline Plus, 2004), “African Americans in the United States are less likely to receive diagnoses and treatment for their mental illnesses than Caucasian Americans.” This can be due to many factors,…show more content…
Psychosocial intervention uses behavioral modification, coaching, and modeling among others. When performing psychosocial intervention there are other interventions used such as group therapy, vocational training, social skills training and leisure management skills. Social skills training involve the individual learning the symptoms of the disease. Learning the symptoms is important because this can help with a relapse and a checklist is usually given to the individual and their family members. Daily living skills are also learned during this time. Daily living skills consist of bathing, cleaning, and decision making of important matters. Vocational training is important and there are steps that need to be taken. The steps are deciding what kind of work is suitable for the individual, having and help them apply for the job, and having and helping them follow up on the job. The development of intellectual skills such as lapse of attention, concentration, reason and problem solving can affect the individual’s performance of the job. The setting the individual lives can help then with intervention and therapy. There are many different living settings that are used based on the level of functioning and capability. Day-care is where the individuals go during working hours to get vocational training and intervention strategies. Residential rehabilitation consists of a short stay. Some factors of having to live in a residential program
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