Strokes is a Loss of Brain Function Due to an Interruption of Blood Flow

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A stroke is a condition which is characterised as loss of brain functioning due to an interruption in the blood flow to the brain (Buzzard, 2013, pg. 5). There are two types of strokes, ischaemic and hemorrhagic strokes (Buzzard, 2013, pg. 6). Ischaemic strokes are the most common type of stroke (Gomes & Wachsman, 2013). This type of stroke occurs due to an insufficient flow of blood to the brain, which is usually caused by an artery blockage (Gomes & Wachsman, 2013). Hemorrhagic strokes are due to hypertension and may be caused by medical problems or blood vessel abnormalities (Gomes & Wachsman, 2013). The strokes severity and location of the brain that is affected determines the impact of the stroke in an individual (Gomes & Wachsman, 2013).(Gomes, 2013)
Adults and children are both affected by strokes. Strokes are one of the top ten causes of childhood death (Buzzard, 2013, pg. 9). Between 50 and 85 percent of children who have strokes will be affected with long-term health issues (Buzzard, 2013, pg. 9). These health issues may include learning difficulties, seizures and possible recurring strokes (Buzzard, 2013, pg. 9). Up to 20 percent of all strokes occur in people over the age of 55 years old (Buzzard, 2013, pg 7).(DeTallo, 2013)
There are however, some similarities between strokes in adults and children. Managing and evaluating strokes are theoretically similar for both children and adults. Basic pathophysiology of the different types of strokes and treatment

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