Struggles During The 19th Century

914 WordsMar 10, 20164 Pages
Struggles during the 19th century between social classes over differences in private enterprise and property ownership, became a driving force for changes and reform in Modern Industrial society. Historically, conflict outcomes generally favored the Bourgeoisie, or middle class, over the Proletariats, the working class, during this time in Western Civilization. However, an advancing group of socialists, began referring to themselves as communists, and “advocated the abolition of private property in favor of communal, collective ownership”, promoting the Marxist revolt led by the Proletariats to eliminate private ownership and social classes altogether. (Hunt et. al., 2012, 707). The Communist Manifesto, published in the name of the Communist League, reflected these and other political ideals, relationships between social classes, and guidelines for the revolution with a fundamental set of principles. Emerging from the cultivation of ideas from the advanced socialist group was Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, who organized the Communist League, and also wrote and published The Communist Manifesto in 1848. Marx and Engels insisted that “all history is shaped by class struggle and that in future revolutions the working class would overthrow the bourgeoisie, or middle class, and replace capitalism and private property with a communist state in which all property is collectively rather than individually owned.”(Hunt et. al., 2012, 708). The Manifesto seems to argue that

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